Helix-Turn-Helix DNA binding domain of GlnR-like transcription regulators
Helix-turn-helix (HTH) transcription regulator GlnR and related proteins, N-terminal domain. The GlnR and TnrA (also known as ScgR) proteins have been shown to regulate expression of glutamine synthetase as well as several genes involved in nitrogen metabolism. These proteins share the N-terminal DNA binding domain with other transcription regulators of the MerR superfamily that promote transcription by reconfiguring the spacer between the -35 and -10 promoter elements. A typical MerR regulator is comprised of two distinct domains that harbor the regulatory (effector-binding) site and the active (DNA-binding) site. Their conserved N-terminal domains contain predicted winged HTH motifs that mediate DNA binding, while the dissimilar C-terminal domains bind specific coactivator molecules.