Immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) and similar proteins
Ig_CEACAM_like: immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM) and related domains. The CEA family is a group of anchored or secreted glycoproteins, expressed by epithelial cells, leukocytes, endothelial cells and placenta. The CEA family is divided into the CEACAM and pregnancy-specific glycoprotein (PSG) subfamilies. This group represents the CEACAM subfamily. CEACAM1 has many important cellular functions, it is a cell adhesion molecule, and a signaling molecule that regulates the growth of tumor cells, it is an angiogenic factor, and is a receptor for bacterial and viral pathogens, including mouse hepatitis virus (MHV). In mice, four isoforms of CEACAM1 generated by alternative splicing have either two [D1, D4] or four [D1-D4] Ig-like domains on the cell surface. This family corresponds to the D1 Ig-like domain. Also belonging to this group is the N-terminal immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of the signaling lymphocyte activation molecule (SLAM) family, CD84-like family. The SLAM family is a group of immune-cell specific receptors that can regulate both adaptive and innate immune responses. SLAM family proteins are organized as an extracellular domain with having two or four Ig-like domains, a single transmembrane segment, and a cytoplasmic region having tyr-based motifs. The extracellular domain is organized as a membrane-distal Ig variable (IgV) domain that is responsible for ligand recognition and a membrane-proximal truncated Ig constant-2 (IgC2) domain.