First (N-terminal) immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of nectin-like molecule 2
Ig1_Necl-2: domain similar to the N-terminal immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domain of nectin-like molecule-2, Necl-2 (also known as cell adhesion molecule 1 (CADM1), SynCAM1, IGSF4A, Tslc1, sgIGSF, and RA175). Nectin-like molecules have similar domain structures to those of nectins. At least five nectin-like molecules have been identified (Necl-1 - Necl-5). They all have an extracellular region containing three Ig-like domains, a transmembrane region, and a cytoplasmic region. The N-terminal Ig-like domain of the extracellular region, belongs to the V-type subfamily of Ig domains, is essential to cell-cell adhesion, and plays a part in the interaction with the envelope glycoprotein D of various viruses. Necl-2 has Ca(2+)-independent homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion activity. Necl-2 is expressed in a wide variety of tissues, and is a putative tumour suppressor gene, which is downregulated in aggressive neuroblastoma.