Immunoglobulin (Ig) variable (V) domain of T-cell receptor (TCR) bet a chain
IgV_TCR_beta: immunoglobulin (Ig) variable domain of the beta chain of alpha/beta T-cell antigen receptors (TCRs). TCRs mediate antigen recognition by T lymphocytes, and are composed of alpha and beta, or gamma and delta, polypeptide chains with variable (V) and constant (C) regions. This group includes the variable domain of the alpha chain of alpha/beta TCRs. Alpha/beta TCRs recognize antigen as peptide fragments presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. The variable domain of TCRs is responsible for antigen recognition, and is located at the N-terminus of the receptor. Gamma/delta TCRs recognize intact protein antigens; they recognize proteins antigens directly and without antigen processing, and MHC independently of the bound peptide.