Cpl-1 lysin (also known as Cpl-9 lysozyme / muramidase) is a bacterial cell wall endolysin encoded by the pneumococcal bacteriophage Cp-1, which cleaves the glycosidic N-acetylmuramoyl-(beta1,4)-N-acetylglucosamine bonds of the pneumococcal glycan chain, thus acting as an enzymatic antimicrobial agent (an enzybiotic) against streptococcal infections. Cpl-1 belongs to the CP family of lysozymes (CPL lysozymes) which includes the Cpl-7 lysin. Cpl-1 has a glycosyl hydrolase family 25 (GH25) catalytic domain with an irregular (beta/alpha)5-beta3 barrel and a C-terminal cell wall-anchoring module formed by six similar choline-binding repeats (ChBr's). The ChBr's facilitate the anchoring of Cpl-1 to the choline-containing teichoic acid of the pneumococcal cell wall. Other members of this domain family have an N-terminal CHAP (cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolases/peptidases) domain similar to that of the firmicute CHAP lysins and associated with endopeptidase activity. The Cpl-7 lysin is also included here as is LysB of Lactococcus phage, and the Mur lysin of Lactobacillus phage.