The ligand binding domain of nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1, a member of nuclear receptor superfamily
The ligand binding domain of nuclear receptor steroidogenic factor 1 (SF-1): SF-1, a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily, is an essential regulator of endocrine development and function and is considered a master regulator of reproduction. Most nuclear receptors function as homodimer or heterodimers, however SF-1 binds to its target genes as a monomer, recognizing the variations of the DNA sequence motif, T/CCA AGGTCA. SF-1 functions cooperatively with other transcription factors to modulate gene expression. Phospholipids have been determined as potential ligands of SF-1. Like other members of the nuclear receptor (NR) superfamily of ligand-activated transcription factors, SF-1 has a central well conserved DNA binding domain (DBD), a variable N-terminal domain, a flexible hinge and a C-terminal ligand binding domain (LBD).