phosphatase, similar to Escherichia coli Cof and Thermotoga maritima TM0651; belongs to the haloacid dehalogenase-like superfamily
Escherichia coli Cof is involved in the hydrolysis of HMP-PP (4-amino-2-methyl-5-hydroxymethylpyrimidine pyrophosphate, an intermediate in thiamin biosynthesis), Cof also has phosphatase activity against the coenzymes pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) and FMN. Thermotoga maritima TM0651 acts as a phosphatase with a phosphorylated carbohydrate molecule as a possible substrate. Escherichia coli YbhA is also a member of this family and catalyzes the dephosphorylation of PLP, YbhA can also hydrolyze erythrose-4-phosphate and fructose-1,6-bis-phosphate. Members of this family belong to the haloacid dehalogenase-like (HAD) hydrolases, a large superfamily of diverse enzymes that catalyze carbon or phosphoryl group transfer reactions on a range of substrates, using an active site aspartate in nucleophilic catalysis. Members of this superfamily include 2-L-haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase, azetidine hydrolase, phosphonoacetaldehyde hydrolase, phosphoserine phosphatase, phosphomannomutase, P-type ATPases and many others. HAD hydrolases are found in all three kingdoms of life, and most genomes are predicted to contain multiple HAD-like proteins. Members possess a highly conserved alpha/beta core domain, and many also possess a small cap domain, the fold and function of which is variable. HAD hydrolases are sometimes referred to as belonging to the DDDD superfamily of phosphohydrolases.