subfamily of beta-phosphoglucomutase-like family, similar to Rhodobacter sphaeroides xylulose-1,5-bisphosphate phosphatase CbbY
This family includes Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Arabidopsis thaliana xylulose-1,5-bisphosphate phosphatase CbbY which convert xylulose-1,5-bisphosphate (a potent inhibitor of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, Rubisco), to the non-inhibitory compound xylulose-5-phosphate. It belongs to the beta-phosphoglucomutase-like family whose other members include Lactococcus lactis beta-PGM, a mutase which catalyzes the interconversion of beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate (G1P) and D-glucose 6-phosphate (G6P), Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphatases GPP1 and GPP2 that dephosphorylate DL-glycerol-3-phosphate and DOG1 and DOG2 that dephosphorylate 2-deoxyglucose-6-phosphate, and Escherichia coli 6-phosphogluconate phosphatase YieH. This family belongs to the haloacid dehalogenase-like (HAD) hydrolases, a large superfamily of diverse enzymes that catalyze carbon or phosphoryl group transfer reactions on a range of substrates, using an active site aspartate in nucleophilic catalysis. Members of this superfamily include 2-L-haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase, azetidine hydrolase, phosphonoacetaldehyde hydrolase, phosphoserine phosphatase, phosphomannomutase, P-type ATPases and many others. HAD hydrolases are found in all three kingdoms of life, and most genomes are predicted to contain multiple HAD-like proteins. Members possess a highly conserved alpha/beta core domain, and many also possess a small cap domain, the fold and function of which is variable. HAD hydrolases are sometimes referred to as belonging to the DDDD superfamily of phosphohydrolases.