subfamily of beta-phosphoglucomutase-like family, similar to Arabidopsis thaliana Gpp1 and Gpp2
This subfamily includes Arabidopsis thaliana AtGpp1 and AtGpp2, and Drosophila GS1-like protein (Dmel\Gs1l) of unknown function. AtGpp1 and AtGpp2 are constitutively expressed in all the Arabidopsis tissues and unaffected under abiotic stress. Overexpression of AtGpp2 in transgenic Arabidopsis plants increases the specific DL-glycerol-3-phosphatase activity and improves the plants tolerance to salt, osmotic and oxidative stress. It belongs to the beta-phosphoglucomutase-like family whose other members include Lactococcus lactis beta-PGM, a mutase which catalyzes the interconversion of beta-D-glucose 1-phosphate (G1P) and D-glucose 6-phosphate (G6P), Saccharomyces cerevisiae phosphatases GPP1 and GPP2 that dephosphorylate DL-glycerol-3-phosphate and DOG1 and DOG2 that dephosphorylate 2-deoxyglucose-6-phosphate, and Escherichia coli 6-phosphogluconate phosphatase YieH. This family belongs to the haloacid dehalogenase-like (HAD) hydrolases, a large superfamily of diverse enzymes that catalyze carbon or phosphoryl group transfer reactions on a range of substrates, using an active site aspartate in nucleophilic catalysis. Members of this superfamily include 2-L-haloalkanoic acid dehalogenase, azetidine hydrolase, phosphonoacetaldehyde hydrolase, phosphoserine phosphatase, phosphomannomutase, P-type ATPases and many others. HAD hydrolases are found in all three kingdoms of life, and most genomes are predicted to contain multiple HAD-like proteins. Members possess a highly conserved alpha/beta core domain, and many also possess a small cap domain, the fold and function of which is variable. HAD hydrolases are sometimes referred to as belonging to the DDDD superfamily of phosphohydrolases.