P-type heavy metal-transporting ATPase, similar to Archaeoglobus fulgidus CopB, a Cu(2+)-ATPase
Archaeoglobus fulgidus CopB transports Cu(2+) from the cytoplasm to the exterior of the cell using ATP as energy source, it transports preferentially Cu(2+) over Cu(+), it is activated by Cu(2+) with high affinity and partially by Cu(+) and Ag(+). This subclass of P-type ATPase is also referred to as CPx-type ATPases because their amino acid sequences contain a characteristic CPC or CPH motif associated with a stretch of hydrophobic amino acids and N-terminal ion-binding sequences. This subfamily belongs to the P-type ATPases, a large family of integral membrane transporters that are of critical importance in all kingdoms of life. They generate and maintain (electro-) chemical gradients across cellular membranes, by translocating cations, heavy metals and lipids, and are distinguished from other main classes of transport ATPases (F- , V- , and ABC- type) by the formation of a phosphorylated (P-) intermediate state in the catalytic cycle.