leukotriene B4 receptor subtype 1 (LTB4R1 or BLT1), member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors
Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a metabolite of arachidonic acid, is a powerful chemotactic activator for granulocytes and macrophages. Two receptors for LTB4 have been identified: a high-affinity receptor (LTB4R1 or BLT1) and a low-affinity receptor (TB4R2 or BLT2). Both BLT1 and BLT2 receptors belong to the rhodopsin-like G-protein coupled receptor superfamily and primarily couple to G(i) proteins, which lead to chemotaxis, calcium mobilization, and inhibition of adenylate cyclase. In some cells, they can also couple to the Gq-like protein, G16, and activate phospholipase C. LTB4 is involved in mediating inflammatory processes, immune responses, and host defense against infection. Studies have shown that LTB4 stimulates leukocyte extravasation, neutrophil degranulation, lysozyme release, and reactive oxygen species generation.