G-protein-coupled receptor GPR142, member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors
GPR142, a vertebrate orphan receptor, is very closely related to GPR139, but they have different expression patterns in the brain and in other tissues. These receptors couple to inhibitory G proteins and activate phospholipase C. Studies suggested that dimer formation may be required for their proper function. GPR142 is predominantly expressed in pancreatic beta-cells and plays an important role in mediating enhancement of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and maintaining glucose homeostasis, whereas GPR139 is expressed almost exclusively in the brain and is suggested to play a role in the control of locomotor activity. These orphan receptors are phylogenetically clustered with invertebrate FMRFamide receptors such as Drosophila melanogaster DrmFMRFa-R.