D1B (or D5) subtype dopamine receptor, member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors
Dopamine receptors are members of the class A G protein-coupled receptors that are involved in many neurological processes in the central nervous system (CNS). The neurotransmitter dopamine is the primary endogenous agonist for dopamine receptors. Dopamine receptors consist of at least five subtypes: D1, D2, D3, D4, and D5. The D1 and D5 subtypes are members of the D1-like family of dopamine receptors, whereas the D2, D3 and D4 subtypes are members of the D2-like family. The D1-like family receptors are coupled to G proteins of the G(s) family, which activate adenylate cyclase, causing cAMP formation and activation of protein kinase A. Dopamine receptors are major therapeutic targets for neurological and psychiatric disorders such as drug abuse, depression, schizophrenia, or Parkinson's disease.