serotonin receptor subtypes 1B and 1D, member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors
The 5-HT1 receptors, one of 14 mammalian 5-HT receptors, is a member of the class A of GPCRs and is activated by the endogenous neurotransmitter and peripheral signal mediator serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT). The 5-HT1 receptors mediate inhibitory neurotransmission by coupling to G proteins of the G(i/o) family, which lead to a decrease in adenylate cyclase activity, thereby decreasing intracellular cAMP levels and calcium influx. The 5-HT1 receptor subfamily includes 5 subtypes: 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B, 5-HT1D, 5-HT1E, and 5-HT1F. There is no 5-HT1C receptor subtype, as it has been reclassified as the 5-HT2C receptor. In the CNS, serotonin is involved in the regulation of appetite, mood, sleep, cognition, learning and memory, as well as implicated in neurologic disorders such as migraine, schizophrenia, and depression.