P2Y purinoceptor 11, member of the class A family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors
P2Y11 belongs to the P2Y receptor family of purinergic G-protein coupled receptors. The activation of P2Y11 is a major pathway of macrophage activation that leads to the release of cytokines. The P2Y receptor family is composed of eight subtypes, which are activated by naturally occurring extracellular nucleotides such as ATP, ADP, UTP, UDP, and UDP-glucose. These eight receptors are ubiquitous in human tissues and can be further classified into two subfamilies based on sequence homology and second messenger coupling: a subfamily of five P2Y1-like receptors (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11Rs) that are coupled to G(q) protein to activate phospholipase C (PLC) and a second subfamily of three P2Y12-like receptors (P2Y12, P2YR13, and P2Y14Rs) that are coupled to G(i) protein to inhibit adenylate cyclase. Several cloned subtypes, such as P2Y3, P2Y5, and P2Y7-10, are not functional mammalian nucleotide receptors. The native agonists for P2Y receptors are: ATP (P2Y2, P2Y12), ADP (P2Y1, P2Y12, and P2Y13), UTP (P2Y2, P2Y4), UDP (P2Y6, P2Y14), and UDP-glucose (P2Y14).