cd03858: M14_CP_N-E_like (this model, PSSM-Id:199842 is obsolete and has been replaced by 349431)
Peptidase M14 carboxypeptidase subfamily N/E-like
Carboxypeptidase (CP) N/E-like subfamily of the M14 family of metallocarboxypeptidases (MCPs). The M14 family are zinc-binding CPs which hydrolyze single, C-terminal amino acids from polypeptide chains, and have a recognition site for the free C-terminal carboxyl group, which is a key determinant of specificity. The N/E subfamily includes eight members, of which five (CPN, CPE, CPM, CPD, CPZ) are considered enzymatically active, while the other three are non-active (CPX1, PCX2, ACLP/AEBP1) and lack the critical active site and substrate-binding residues considered necessary for CP activity. These non-active members may function as binding proteins or display catalytic activity towards other substrates. Unlike the A/B CP subfamily, enzymes belonging to the N/E subfamily are not produced as inactive precursors that require proteolysis to produce the active form; rather, they rely on their substrate specificity and subcellular compartmentalization to prevent inappropriate cleavages that would otherwise damage the cell. In addition, all members of the N/E subfamily contain an extra C-terminal domain that is not present in the A/B subfamily. This domain has structural homology to transthyretin and other proteins and has been proposed to function as a folding domain. The active N/E enzymes fulfill a variety of cellular functions, including prohormone processing, regulation of peptide hormone activity, alteration of protein-protein or protein-cell interactions and transcriptional regulation.
Comment:Metallocarboxypeptidases share the zinc binding motif HXXE...H, where the zinc ion is penta-coordinated to ND1 atoms of the histidines, OE1 and OE2 atoms of the glutamic acid, and to a water molecule in a slightly distorted tetrahedral manner.
Structure:1QMU_A: duck carboxypeptidase D; contacts at 3.5A - View structure with Cn3D