Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain (H), variable (V) domainIgV_H: Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain (H), variable (V) domain. The basic structure of Ig molecules is a tetramer of two light chains and two heavy chains linked by disulfide bonds. In Ig, each chain is composed of one variable domain (IgV) and one or more constant domains (IgC); these names reflect the fact that the variability in sequences is higher in the variable domain than in the constant domain. There are five types of heavy chains (alpha, gamma, delta, epsilon, and mu), which determine the type of immunoglobulin: IgA, IgG, IgD, IgE, and IgM, respectively. In higher vertebrates, there are two types of light chain, designated kappa and lambda, which can associate with any of the heavy chains. This family includes alpha, gamma, delta, epsilon, and mu heavy chains.