Conserved Protein Domain Family
C1

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cl00040: C1 Superfamily (this model, PSSM-Id:381770 is obsolete and has been replaced by 412127)
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Protein kinase C conserved region 1 (C1) . Cysteine-rich zinc binding domain. Some members of this domain family bind phorbol esters and diacylglycerol, some are reported to bind RasGTP. May occur in tandem arrangement. Diacylglycerol (DAG) is a second messenger, released by activation of Phospholipase D. Phorbol Esters (PE) can act as analogues of DAG and mimic its downstream effects in, for example, tumor promotion. Protein Kinases C are activated by DAG/PE, this activation is mediated by their N-terminal conserved region (C1). DAG/PE binding may be phospholipid dependent. C1 domains may also mediate DAG/PE signals in chimaerins (a family of Rac GTPase activating proteins), RasGRPs (exchange factors for Ras/Rap1), and Munc13 isoforms (scaffolding proteins involved in exocytosis).
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Accession: cl00040
PSSM Id: 381770
Name: C1
Created: 8-Feb-2008
Updated: 8-Jan-2020
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