The Phox Homology domain, a phosphoinositide binding moduleThe PX domain is a phosphoinositide (PI) binding module involved in targeting proteins to membranes. Proteins containing PX domains interact with PIs and have been implicated in highly diverse functions such as cell signaling, vesicular trafficking, protein sorting, lipid modification, cell polarity and division, activation of T and B cells, and cell survival. Many members of this superfamily bind phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate (PI3P) but in some cases, other PIs such as PI4P or PI(3,4)P2, among others, are the preferred substrates. In addition to protein-lipid interaction, the PX domain may also be involved in protein-protein interaction, as in the cases of p40phox, p47phox, and some sorting nexins (SNXs). The PX domain is conserved from yeast to humans and is found in more than 100 proteins. The majority of PX domain-containing proteins are SNXs, which play important roles in endosomal sorting.