Conserved Protein Domain Family

cl17182: NAT_SF Superfamily 
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N-Acyltransferase superfamily: Various enyzmes that characteristicly catalyze the transfer of an acyl group to a substrate
NAT (N-Acyltransferase) is a large superfamily of enzymes that mostly catalyze the transfer of an acyl group to a substrate and are implicated in a variety of functions, from bacterial antibiotic resistance to circadian rhythms in mammals. Members include GCN5-related N-Acetyltransferases (GNAT) such as Aminoglycoside N-acetyltransferases, Histone N-acetyltransferase (HAT) enzymes, and Serotonin N-acetyltransferase which catalyze the transfer of an acetyl group to a substrate. The mechanism is an ordered Bi-Bi ternary complex kinetic mechanism for most GNATs: the reaction begins with Acetyl Coenzyme A (AcCoA) binding, followed by binding of substrate, then direct transfer of the acetyl group from AcCoA to the substrate, followed by product and then CoA release. Other family members include Arginine/ornithine N-succinyltransferase, Myristoyl-CoA: protein N-myristoyltransferase, and Acyl-homoserinelactone synthase which have a similar catalytic mechanism but differ in types of acyl groups transferred. Leucyl/ph enylalanyl-tRNA-protein transferase and FemXAB nonribosomal peptidyltransferases which catalyze similar peptidyltransferase reactions are also included.
Taxonomy: root
PubMed: 57 links
Protein: Related Protein
Related Structure
Accession: cl17182
PSSM Id: 418431
Name: NAT_SF
Created: 13-Mar-2013
Updated: 24-Nov-2020
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