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Accession: PRJNA101043 ID: 101043

Homo sapiens (human)

Gene expression profiling in skeletal muscle of PCOS after pioglitazone therapy

See Genome Information for Homo sapiens
Insulin resistance is a common metabolic abnormality in women with PCOS and leads to an elevated risk of type 2 diabetes. Studies have shown that thiazolidinediones (TZD) improve metabolic disturbances in PCOS patients. We hypothesized that the effect of TZD in PCOS is in part mediated by changes in the transcriptional profile of muscle favoring insulin sensitivity. Using Affymetrix microarrays, we examined the effect of pioglitazone (30 mg/day for 16 weeks) on gene expression in skeletal muscle of 10 obese women with PCOS metabolically characterized by a euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp. Moreover, we explored gene expression changes between these PCOS patients before treatment and 13 healthy control women. Treatment with pioglitazone improved insulin-stimulated total, oxidative and non-oxidative glucose metabolism, and reduced fasting serum insulin (all p < 0.05). Global pathway analysis using Gene Map Annotator and Pathway Profiler (GenMAPP 2.1) and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA 2.0.1) revealed a significant upregulation of genes involved in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), ribosomal proteins, mRNA processing reactome, translation factors, and proteasome complexes in PCOS patients after pioglitazone therapy. Quantitative real-time PCR suggested that upregulation of OXPHOS genes was mediated by an increase in PGC-1α expression (p < 0.05). Expression of genes involved in ribosomal proteins and OXPHOS was down-regulated in PCOS patients before treatment compared to matched healthy women using GenMAPP 2.1 and GSEA 2.1. These data indicate that pioglitazone therapy restores insulin sensitivity in part by a coordinated upregulation of genes involved in mitochondrial oxidative metabolism and protein biosynthesis in skeletal muscle of PCOS. These transcriptional effects of pioglitazone therapy may contribute to prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes in these women. Keywords: PCOS, microarray, global pathway analysis, insulin resistance, pioglitazone, protein metabolism, mitochondrial oxidative metabolism Overall design: Ten obese women of reproductive age with PCOS participated in the study to test the effect of pioglitazone therapy (data set 1). To test if pioglitazone ameliorate existing defects in PCOS patients, the expression profile of the 10 PCOS patients before treatment were compared to the same cohort of 13 control subjects (data set 2).
AccessionPRJNA101043; GEO: GSE8157
Data TypeTranscriptome or Gene expression
ScopeMultiisolate
OrganismHomo sapiens[Taxonomy ID: 9606]
Eukaryota; Metazoa; Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Euteleostomi; Mammalia; Eutheria; Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Catarrhini; Hominidae; Homo; Homo sapiens
PublicationsSkov V et al., "Pioglitazone enhances mitochondrial biogenesis and ribosomal protein biosynthesis in skeletal muscle in polycystic ovary syndrome.", PLoS One, 2008 Jun 18;3(6):e2466
SubmissionRegistration date: 18-Jun-2007
Hematology, Roskilde Hospital
RelevanceMedical
Project Data:
Resource NameNumber
of Links
Publications
PubMed1
PMC1
Other datasets
GEO DataSets3
GEO Data Details
ParameterValue
Data volume, Spots2351025
Data volume, Processed Mbytes51
Data volume, Supplementary Mbytes350

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