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Items: 4

1.

Maturity onset diabetes of the young

About 2-5% of type II diabetic patients suffer from a monogenic disease with autosomal dominant inheritance. This monogenic form of type II diabetes is called maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY). We now know that MODY is caused by heterozygous mutations in at least five genes...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
2.

Adipocytokine signaling pathway

Increased adipocyte volume and number are positively correlated with leptin production, and negatively correlated with production of adiponectin. Leptin is an important regulator of energy intake and metabolic rate primarily by acting at hypothalamic nuclei. Leptin exerts its anorectic...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
3.

Insulin signaling pathway

Insulin binding to its receptor results in the tyrosine phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates (IRS) by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase (INSR). This allows association of IRSs with the regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). PI3K activates 3-phosphoinositide-dependent...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
4.

Apoptosis

Apoptosis is a genetically programmed process for the elimination of damaged or redundant cells by activation of caspases (aspartate-specific cysteine proteases). The onset of apoptosis is controlled by numerous interrelating processes. The 'extrinsic' pathway involves stimulation...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem

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