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mRNA processing

Adapted from Reactome, see: [http://www.reactome.org/cgi-bin/eventbrowser_st_id?ST_ID=REACT_1675.1 REACT 1675.1] This process describes the conversion of precursor messenger RNA into mature messenger RNA (mRNA). The pre-mRNA molecule undergoes three main modifications. These modifications are 5' capping, 3' polyadenylation, and RNA splicing, which occur in the cell nucleus before the RNA is translated. 5' Capping: Capping of the pre-mRNA involves the addition of 7-methylguanosine (m7G) to the 5' end. The cap protects the 5' end of the primary RNA transcript from attack by ribonucleases that have specificity to the 3'5' phosphodiester bonds. 3' Processing: The pre-mRNA processing at the 3' end of the RNA molecule involves cleavage of its 3' end and then the addition of about 200 adenine residues to form a poly(A) tail. As the poly(A) tails is synthesised, it binds multiple copies of poly(A) binding protein, which protects the 3'end from ribonuclease digestion. Splicing: RNA splicing is the process by which introns, regions of RNA that do not code for protein, are removed from the pre-mRNA and the remaining exons connected to re-form a single continuous molecule. Description adapted from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-transcriptional_modification

from WikiPathways source record: WP310
Type: pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
BSID:
198369

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