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Links from Nucleotide

Items: 1 to 20 of 60

1.

Keratinization

Keratins are the major structural protein of vertebrate epidermis, constituting up to 85% of a fully differentiated keratinocyte (Fuchs 1995). Keratins belong to a superfamily of intermediate filament (IF) proteins that form alpha-helical coiled-coil dimers, which associate laterally...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
2.

supramolecular polymer

A polymeric supramolecular structure.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1440411
GO
: GO:0099081
3.

supramolecular complex

A cellular component that consists of an indeterminate number of proteins or macromolecular complexes, organized into a regular, higher-order structure such as a polymer, sheet, network or a fiber.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1440410
GO
: GO:0099080
4.

polymeric cytoskeletal fiber

A component of the cytoskeleton consisting of a homo or heteropolymeric fiber constructed from an indeterminate number of protein subunits.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1346986
GO
: GO:0099513
5.

supramolecular fiber

A polymer consisting of an indefinite number of protein or protein complex subunits that have polymerised to form a fiber-shaped structure. Synonyms: GO:0043205; fibril;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1346985
GO
: GO:0099512
6.

Developmental Biology

As a first step towards capturing the array of processes by which a fertilized egg gives rise to the diverse tissues of the body, examples of three kinds of processes have been annotated. These are aspects of the roles of cell adhesion molecules in axonal guidance and myogenesis,...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
7.

single-organism developmental process

A biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of an integrated living unit: an anatomical structure (which may be a subcellular structure, cell, tissue, or organ), or organism over time from an initial condition to a later condition, involving only one organism.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
751909
GO
: GO:0044767
8.

single-organism cellular process

Any process that is carried out at the cellular level, occurring within a single organism.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
751905
GO
: GO:0044763
9.

single-multicellular organism process

A biological process occurring within a single, multicellular organism.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
751850
GO
: GO:0044707
10.

single-organism process

A biological process that involves only one organism. Synonym: single organism process;

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
751843
GO
: GO:0044699
11.

cornification

A type of programmed cell death that occurs in the epidermis, morphologically and biochemically distinct from apoptosis. It leads to the formation of corneocytes, i.e. dead keratinocytes containing an amalgam of specific proteins (e.g., keratin, loricrin, SPR and involucrin) and lipids...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
515201
GO
: GO:0070268
12.

epithelium development

The process whose specific outcome is the progression of an epithelium over time, from its formation to the mature structure. An epithelium is a tissue that covers the internal or external surfaces of an anatomical structure.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
513984
GO
: GO:0060429
13.

cellular developmental process

A biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of a cell over time from an initial condition to a later condition.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
510918
GO
: GO:0048869
14.

anatomical structure development

The biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of an anatomical structure from an initial condition to its mature state. This process begins with the formation of the structure and ends with the mature structure, whatever form that may be including its natural destruction....

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
510906
GO
: GO:0048856
15.

system development

The process whose specific outcome is the progression of an organismal system over time, from its formation to the mature structure. A system is a regularly interacting or interdependent group of organs or tissues that work together to carry out a given biological process.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
510786
GO
: GO:0048731
16.

animal organ development

Development of a tissue or tissues that work together to perform a specific function or functions. Development pertains to the process whose specific outcome is the progression of a structure over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Organs are commonly observed as visibly...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
510585
GO
: GO:0048513
17.

intermediate filament cytoskeleton

Cytoskeletal structure made from intermediate filaments, typically organized in the cytosol as an extended system that stretches from the nuclear envelope to the plasma membrane. Some intermediate filaments run parallel to the cell surface, while others traverse the cytosol; together...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
507504
GO
: GO:0045111
18.

keratin filament

A filament composed of acidic and basic keratins (types I and II), typically expressed in epithelial cells. The keratins are the most diverse classes of IF proteins, with a large number of keratin isoforms being expressed. Each type of epithelium always expresses a characteristic...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
507495
GO
: GO:0045095
19.

cell part

Any constituent part of a cell, the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms. Synonyms: cellular subcomponent; protoplast;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
507411
GO
: GO:0044464
20.

intracellular organelle part

A constituent part of an intracellular organelle, an organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, occurring within the cell. Includes constituent parts of the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, vesicles, ribosomes and the cytoskeleton but excludes the plasma...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
507394
GO
: GO:0044446

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