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Links from Nucleotide

Items: 1 to 20 of 139

1.

RNA polymerase activity

Catalysis of the reaction: nucleoside triphosphate + RNA(n) = diphosphate + RNA(n+1); the synthesis of RNA from ribonucleotide triphosphates in the presence of a nucleic acid template.

Type
:
functional_set
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1469453
GO
: GO:0097747
2.

transferase complex, transferring phosphorus-containing groups

A transferase complex capable of catalysis of the transfer of a phosphorus-containing group from one compound (donor) to another (acceptor).

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1272014
GO
: GO:0061695
3.

RNA Polymerase III Transcription Termination

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
BSID:
1269671
REACTOME
: R-HSA-73980
4.

RNA Polymerase III Chain Elongation

Pol III initiation complexes open the promoter spontaneously similar to the mechanism employed in archaeal and bacterial transcription.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
5.

RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation From Type 3 Promoter

The metazoan-specific type 3 promoters, which are exemplified by the human U6 promoter, recruit a complex variously called the snRNA activating protein complex (SNAPc) (Sadowski et al., 1993), the PSE binding protein (PBP) (Waldschmidt et al., 1991), or the PSE transcription factor...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
6.

RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation From Type 2 Promoter

The type 2 promoters can recruit TFIIIC without the help of TFIIIA because TFIIIC binds directly to the A and B boxes. As for the type 1 promoters, this then allows the binding of Brf1-TFIIIB and RNA polymerase III. Importantly, in the yeast system, once Brf1-TFIIIB has been recruited...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
BSID:
1269668
REACTOME
: R-HSA-76066
7.

RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation From Type 1 Promoter

The type 1 promoters recruit TFIIIA, the founding member of the C2H2 zinc finger family of DNA-binding proteins (Engelke et al., 1980; Sakonju et al., 1981). The binding of TFIIIA then allows the binding of TFIIC (Lassar et al., 1983), a complex consisting of five subunits (which...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
8.

RNA Polymerase III Transcription Initiation

There are three basic types of RNA polymerase III promoters. The three types of RNA polymerase III promoters are known as type 1, type 2, and type 3 promoters. Type 1 promoters are found in the 5S genes and consist of a gene-internal element called the internal control region (ICR),...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
9.

RNA Polymerase III Abortive And Retractive Initiation

Abortive initiation, the repetitive formation of short oligonucleotides, is a ubiquitous feature of transcriptional initiation. This Pathway contains events inferred from events in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
10.

RNA Polymerase III Transcription

RNA polymerase III is one of three types of nuclear RNA polymerases present in eucaryotic cells. About 10% of the total transcription in dividing cells can be attributed to its activity. It synthesizes an eclectic collection of catalytic or structural RNA molecules, some of which...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
11.

RNA Polymerase I, RNA Polymerase III, and Mitochondrial Transcription

Transcription by RNA Polymerase I, RNA Polymerase III and transcription from mitochondrial promoters.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
12.

Gene Expression

Gene Expression covers the pathways by which genomic DNA is transcribed to yield RNA, the regulation of these transcription processes, and the pathways by which newly-made RNA Transcripts are processed. Most annotation is centered on the generation of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by regulated...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
13.

Cytosolic sensors of pathogen-associated DNA

Presence of pathogen-associated DNA in cytosol induces type I IFN production. Several intracellular receptors have been implicated to some degree. These include DNA-dependent activator of interferon (IFN)-regulatory factors (DAI) (also called Z-DNA-binding protein 1, ZBP1), absent...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
14.

Innate Immune System

Innate immunity encompases the nonspecific part of immunity tha are part of an individual's natural biologic makeup

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
15.

Immune System

Humans are exposed to millions of potential pathogens daily, through contact, ingestion, and inhalation. Our ability to avoid infection depends on the adaptive immune system and during the first critical hours and days of exposure to a new pathogen, our innate immune system.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
16.

nucleic acid-templated transcription

The cellular synthesis of RNA on a template of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA).

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1129277
GO
: GO:0097659
17.

transferase complex

A protein complex capable of catalyzing the transfer of a group, e.g. a methyl group, glycosyl group, acyl group, phosphorus-containing, or other groups, from one compound (generally regarded as the donor) to another compound (generally regarded as the acceptor).

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
911534
GO
: GO:1990234
18.

catalytic complex

A protein complex which is capable of catalytic activity. Synonym: enzyme complex;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
911482
GO
: GO:1902494
19.

defense response to other organism

Reactions triggered in response to the presence of another organism that act to protect the cell or organism from damage caused by that organism.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
911400
GO
: GO:0098542
20.

RNA polymerase III, eukaryotes

Structural complex; Genetic information processing; RNA polymerase

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
890457
KEGG
: M00181

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