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Links from Protein

Items: 1 to 20 of 157

1.

Type I diabetes mellitus

Type I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-presenting cell (APC), such as macrophages and dendritic cells, and presented in a complex...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
2.

Insulin processing

The generation of insulin-containing secretory granules from proinsulin in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) can be described in 4 steps: formation of intramolecular disulfide bonds, formation of proinsulin-zinc-calcium complexes, proteolytic cleavage of proinsulin to yield...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
3.

Peptide hormone metabolism

Peptide hormones are cleaved from larger precursors in the secretory system (endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, secretory granules) of the cell. After secretion peptide hormones are modified and degraded by extracellular proteases.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
4.

Arf6 trafficking events

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
5.

Type I diabetes mellitus

Type I diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta-cells. Certain beta-cell proteins act as autoantigens after being processed by antigen-presenting cell (APC), such as macrophages and dendritic cells, and presented in a complex...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
6.

Metabolism of proteins

Protein metabolism comprises the pathways of translation, post-translational modification and protein folding.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
organism-specific biosystem
Organism
:
Homo sapiens
7.

intracellular vesicle

Any vesicle that is part of the intracellular region.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1384516
GO
: GO:0097708
8.

secretory vesicle

A cytoplasmic, membrane bound vesicle that is capable of fusing to the plasma membrane to release its contents into the extracellular space.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1346976
GO
: GO:0099503
9.

extracellular vesicle

Any vesicle that is part of the extracellular region. Synonym: microparticle;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1129387
GO
: GO:1903561
10.

somatodendritic compartment

The region of a neuron that includes the cell body (cell soma) and the dendrite, but excludes the axon.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
1025312
GO
: GO:0036477
11.

insulin metabolic process

The chemical reactions and pathways involving insulin. Synonym: insulin metabolism;

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
754110
GO
: GO:1901142
12.

neuron part

Any constituent part of a neuron, the basic cellular unit of nervous tissue. A typical neuron consists of a cell body (often called the soma), an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the nervous system.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
752957
GO
: GO:0097458
13.

single-organism developmental process

A biological process whose specific outcome is the progression of an integrated living unit: an anatomical structure (which may be a subcellular structure, cell, tissue, or organ), or organism over time from an initial condition to a later condition, involving only one organism.

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
751909
GO
: GO:0044767
14.

protein modification process

The covalent alteration of one or more amino acids occurring in proteins, peptides and nascent polypeptides (co-translational, post-translational modifications). Includes the modification of charged tRNAs that are destined to occur in a protein (pre-translation modification). Synonym:...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
751131
GO
: GO:0036211
15.

synaptic membrane

A specialized area of membrane on either the presynaptic or the postsynaptic side of a synapse, the junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron or muscle fiber or glial cell.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
518610
GO
: GO:0097060
16.

protein localization to membrane

A process in which a protein is transported to, or maintained in, a specific location in a membrane. Synonyms: protein localisation in membrane; protein localization in membrane;

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
517560
GO
: GO:0072657
17.

circulatory system development

The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the circulatory system over time, from its formation to the mature structure. The circulatory system is the organ system that passes nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), gases, hormones, blood cells, etc. to and...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
517275
GO
: GO:0072359
18.

cell periphery

The part of a cell encompassing the cell cortex, the plasma membrane, and any external encapsulating structures.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
516864
GO
: GO:0071944
19.

extracellular exosome

A vesicle that is released into the extracellular region by fusion of the limiting endosomal membrane of a multivesicular body with the plasma membrane. Extracellular exosomes, also simply called exosomes, have a diameter of about 40-100 nm. Synonyms: exosome; extracellular vesicular...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
515001
GO
: GO:0070062
20.

biological regulation

Any process that modulates a measurable attribute of any biological process, quality or function. Synonym: regulation;

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
514938
GO
: GO:0065007

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