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Michie S, Wood CE, Johnston M, et al. Behaviour change techniques: the development and evaluation of a taxonomic method for reporting and describing behaviour change interventions (a suite of five studies involving consensus methods, randomised controlled trials and analysis of qualitative data). Southampton (UK): NIHR Journals Library; 2015 Nov. (Health Technology Assessment, No. 19.99.)

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Behaviour change techniques: the development and evaluation of a taxonomic method for reporting and describing behaviour change interventions (a suite of five studies involving consensus methods, randomised controlled trials and analysis of qualitative data).

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Acknowledgements

This research was funded by the MRC via its Methodology Panel: ‘Strengthening evaluation and implementation by specifying components of behaviour change interventions’ Ref: G0901474/1.17 We thank the 30 members of our IAB (see Appendix 2) who gave invaluable advice at strategic points during the project and the 36 experts from across the world who took part in the Delphi and coding exercises which provided the key data for developing BCTTv1. We are also grateful to Felicity Roberts (FR), Kate Sheals (KS), Linda Duffy and Elena Panagiotopoulou for their previous work on the project and help, especially with proofing early versions of the taxonomy and with coding; to Professor Tania Huedo-Medina, Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, CT, USA, for sharing her AC1 calculator with us; and to Michelle Richardson (MR) for her previous work on the project. Finally, we thank Martin Eccles, a coapplicant on the proposal, for his invaluable contribution in developing the proposal and to the early stages of the research, before his retirement from his academic post.

Contributions of authors

Susan Michie (Professor of Health Psychology and principal investigator) and Marie Johnston (Professor of Health Psychology) led the development of the research proposal and protocol.

Susan Michie, Caroline E Wood and Marie Johnston wrote the first draft of this monograph.

Marie Johnston, Caroline E Wood and Charles Abraham conducted statistical analyses for studies 3, 4 and 5a, 5b, 5c.

Wendy Hardeman and Jill Francis contributed to the development of the study proposal, overseeing the studies and writing the final monograph.

All authors contributed to the development of the study proposal, overseeing of the studies and the writing of the final monograph.

Contribution of others

Statistical analyses for each of the studies were carried out as follows: study 1 by Michelle Richardson (Senior Research Fellow); study 2 by Ruhina Lahda (Research Assistant), James Cane (Lecturer; Senior Research Fellow) and Michelle Richardson; study 3 by Caroline Wood (Senior Research Associate); study 4 by Caroline Wood and Charles Abraham (Professor of Health Psychology); and studies 5a, 5b and 5c by Caroline Wood and Marie Johnston. Statistical guidance was provided by Beth Pollard (Statistical Expert).

Publications

Michie S, Richardson M, Johnston M, Abraham C, Francis J, Hardeman W, et al. The behavior change technique taxonomy (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behaviour change interventions. Ann Behav Med 2013;46:81–95.

Cane J, Richardson M, Johnston M, Lahda R, Michie S. From lists of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to structured hierarchies: comparison of two methods of developing a hierarchy of BCTs. Br J Health Psychol 2015;20:130–50.

Wood CE, Richardson M, Johnston M, Abraham C, Francis J, Hardeman W, et al. Applying the Behaviour Change Technique (BCT) Taxonomy v1: a study of user training. Transl Behav Med 2014;5:134–48.

Abraham C, Wood CE, Johnston M, Francis J, Hardeman W, Richardson M, et al. Reliability of identification of behavior change techniques in intervention descriptions. Ann Behav Med 2015 [published online ahead of print 20 August 2015].

Data sharing statement

All available data can be obtained from the corresponding author of this report.

Disclaimers

This report presents independent research funded under a MRC–NIHR partnership. The views and opinions expressed by authors in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the NHS, the NIHR, the MRC, NETSCC, the HTA programme or the Department of Health. If there are verbatim quotations included in this publication the views and opinions expressed by the interviewees are those of the interviewees and do not necessarily reflect those of the authors, those of the NHS, the NIHR, the MRC, NETSCC, the HTA programme or the Department of Health.

Copyright © Queen’s Printer and Controller of HMSO 2015. This work was produced by Michie et al. under the terms of a commissioning contract issued by the Secretary of State for Health. This issue may be freely reproduced for the purposes of private research and study and extracts (or indeed, the full report) may be included in professional journals provided that suitable acknowledgement is made and the reproduction is not associated with any form of advertising. Applications for commercial reproduction should be addressed to: NIHR Journals Library, National Institute for Health Research, Evaluation, Trials and Studies Coordinating Centre, Alpha House, University of Southampton Science Park, Southampton SO16 7NS, UK.

Included under terms of UK Non-commercial Government License.

Bookshelf ID: NBK327620

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