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Series GSE148607 Query DataSets for GSE148607
Status Public on Sep 09, 2021
Title Hepatocyte-specific YAP is crucial for CAR-driven hepatocyte proliferation, but not for induction of drug metabolism genes in mice
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) agonists, such as TCPOBOP, are known to cause robust hepatocyte proliferation and hepatomegaly in mice along with induction of drug metabolism genes, without any associated liver injury. Yes-associated protein (YAP) is a key transcription regulator that tightly controls organ size including that of liver. Ours and other previous studies suggested increased nuclear localization and activation of YAP after TCPOBOP treatment in mice and potential role of YAP in CAR-driven proliferative response. Here, we investigated a direct role of YAP in CAR-driven hepatomegaly and hepatocyte proliferation using hepatocyte-specific YAP-KO mice. AAV8-TBG-CRE vector was injected to YAP-floxed mice for achieving hepatocyte-specific YAP deletion followed by TCPOBOP treatment. YAP deletion did not alter protein expression of CAR or CAR-driven induction of drug metabolism genes (including Cyp2b10, Cyp2c55 and UGT1a1). However, YAP deletion substantially reduced TCPOBOP-induced hepatocyte proliferation. TCPOBOP-driven cell cycle activation was disrupted in YAP-KO mice due to delayed (and decreased) induction of cyclin D1 and higher expression of p21, resulting in decreased phosphorylation of retinoblastoma (Rb) protein. Further, induction of other cyclins, which are sequentially involved in progression through cell cycle (including cyclin E1, A2 and B1) and important mitotic regulators (such as aurora B kinase and polo-like kinase 1) was remarkably reduced in YAP-KO mice. Microarray analysis revealed that 26% of TCPOBOP‐responsive genes mainly related to proliferation, but not to drug metabolism, were altered by YAP deletion. YAP regulated these proliferation genes via alerting expression of cMyc and FOXM1, two critical transcriptional regulators of CAR-mediated hepatocyte proliferation. Conclusion: Our study revealed an important role of YAP signaling in CAR-driven hepatocyte proliferation; however, CAR-driven induction of drug metabolism genes was independent of YAP.
We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression in livers of hepatocyte-specific YAP KO mice following TCPOBOP treatment
 
Overall design Hepatocyte-specific deletion of YAP was carried out by administering AAV8.TBG.PI.Cre.rBG to YAP-floxed mice. AAV8.TBG.PI.eGFP.WPRE.bGH8 administered to YAP-floxed mice served as wild-type (WT) control. TCPOBOP was administered by oral gavage 10 days after AAV8 injection. Liver tissue were harvested from WT and YAP KO mice at Day 0, 1 and 2 after TCPOBOP administration for gene arrays.
 
Contributor(s) Bhushan B, Michalopoulos GK
Citation(s) 34233187
Submission date Apr 14, 2020
Last update date Sep 10, 2021
Contact name George K. Michalopoulos
E-mail(s) michalopoulosgk@upmc.edu
Organization name University of Pittsburgh
Street address 200 Lothrop Street
City Pittsburgh
State/province Pennsylvania
ZIP/Postal code 15261
Country USA
 
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (12)
GSM4475063 Liver tissue from WT mice (AAV8-TBG-GFP treated) at Day 0 after TCPOBOP administration_rep1
GSM4475064 Liver tissue from WT mice (AAV8-TBG-GFP treated) at Day 0 after TCPOBOP administration_rep2
GSM4475065 Liver tissue from WT mice (AAV8-TBG-GFP treated) at Day 1 after TCPOBOP administration_pooled
Relations
BioProject PRJNA625193

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Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE148607_RAW.tar 47.7 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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