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Series GSE21358 Query DataSets for GSE21358
Status Public on Jul 01, 2010
Title Comparison of 2 ADAMTS metalloproteases in closure of mouse palate - versican proteolysis in regulating palatal mesenchyme proliferation
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary We identify a role for two evolutionarily related, secreted metalloproteases of the ADAMTS family (A disintegrin-like and metalloprotease domain with thrombospondin type-1 motif), ADAMTS20 and ADAMTS9, in palatogenesis. Adamts20 mutations cause the mouse white spotting mutant belted (bt), whereas Adamts9 is essential for survival beyond 7.5 days of gestation (E7.5). Functional overlap of Adamts9 with Adamts20 was established in bt/bt:Adamts9+/- mice, which have increased white spotting relative to bt mice, as previously reported, and a fully penetrant cleft palate. Palatal closure was delayed, although eventually completed, in both bt/+;Adamts9+/- and bt/bt mice, demonstrating a cooperative role of these related genes. Adamts9 and Adamts20 are both expressed in palatal mesenchyme, with Adamts9 expressed exclusively in microvascular endothelial cells. Palatal shelves from bt/bt:Adamts9+/- mice fused in culture, suggesting an intact TGFbeta signaling pathway in palatal epithelium, and indicating a temporally specific delay in palatal shelf elevation and growth toward the midline. Palatal shelf mesenchymal cells showed a statistically significant decrease of cell proliferation at E13.5 and E14.5, as well as decreased processing of versican, an ADAMTS substrate, at these stages. Vcan haploinsufficiency led to a greater penetrance of cleft palate in bt mice, and impaired proliferation was also seen in palatal mesenchymal cells of these mice, suggesting a role for ADAMTS-mediated versican proteolysis in palatal closure. In a parallel with recent work identifying a role for a bioactive ADAMTS-generated versican fragment in regulating apoptosis during interdigital web regression, we propose that versican proteolysis may influence palatal mesenchymal cell proliferation.
Overall design Palatal shelves were dissected from four E13.75 Adamts9+/-:bt/bt embyos (correspond to the 4 samples: Palate_Adamts9+/-:bt/bt_Rep1, Palate_Adamts9+/-:bt/bt_Rep2, Palate_Adamts9+/-:bt/bt_Rep3 and Palate_Adamts9+/-:bt/bt_Rep4) and age-matched 3 wild-type C57Bl/6 embryos (correspond to the 3 samples: Palate_WT_Rep1, Palate_WT_Rep2, and Palate_WT_Rep3) that were used as the controls
Contributor(s) Enomoto H, Nelson CM, Somerville R, Mielke K, Dixon L, Gopalan B, Powell K, Apte SS
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Submission date Apr 16, 2010
Last update date Jun 14, 2018
Contact name Courtney Nelson
Organization name Cleveland Clinic
Department Department of Biomedical Engineering
Lab Dr. Suneel Apte
Street address 9500 Euclid Avenue
City Cleveland
State/province OH
ZIP/Postal code 44195
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL6885 Illumina MouseRef-8 v2.0 expression beadchip
Samples (7)
GSM533668 Palate_WT_Rep1
GSM533669 Palate_WT_Rep2
GSM533670 Palate_WT_Rep3
BioProject PRJNA126117

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE21358_RAW.tar 4.5 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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