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Series GSE24515 Query DataSets for GSE24515
Status Public on Apr 21, 2011
Title Deep Sleep and Parietal Cortex Gene Expression Changes are Related to Cognitive Deficits with Age
Organism Rattus norvegicus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Background: Age-related cognitive deficits negatively affect quality of life and can presage serious neurodegenerative disorders. Despite sleep disruption’s well-recognized negative influence on cognition, and its prevalence with age, surprisingly few studies have tested sleep’s relationship to cognitive aging.
Methodology: We measured sleep stages in young adult and aged F344 rats during inactive (enhanced sleep) and active (enhanced wake) periods. Animals were behaviorally characterized on the Morris water maze and gene expression profiles of their parietal cortices were taken.
Principal Findings: Water maze performance was impaired, and inactive period deep sleep was decreased with age. However, increased deep sleep during the active period was most strongly correlated to maze performance. Transcriptional profiles were strongly associated with behavior and age, and were validated against prior studies. Bioinformatic analysis revealed increased translation and decreased myelin/ neuronal pathways.
Conclusions: The F344 rat appears to serve as a reasonable model for some common sleep architecture and cognitive changes seen with age in humans, including the cognitively disrupting influence of active period deep sleep. Microarray analysis suggests that the processes engaged by this sleep are consistent with its function. Thus, active period deep sleep appears temporally misaligned but mechanistically intact, leading to the following: first, aged brain tissue appears capable of generating the slow waves necessary for deep sleep, albeit at a weaker intensity than in young. Second, this activity, presented during the active period, seems disruptive rather than beneficial to cognition. Third, this active period deep sleep may be a cognitively pathologic attempt to recover age-related loss of inactive period deep sleep. Finally, therapeutic strategies aimed at reducing active period deep sleep (e.g., by promoting active period wakefulness and/or inactive period deep sleep) may be highly relevant to cognitive function in the aging community.

KEYWORDS: frontal cortex, rat, young or aged
Overall design We implanted young and aged Fischer 344 rats (n = 6/ group) with wireless EEG, EMG and movement monitoring devices to measure sleep architecture. Animals were trained in the Morris water maze to assess cognitive function, and frontal cortices were removed for microarray analysis.sleep disruption and cognitive decline.
Contributor(s) Buechel HM, Popovic J, Searcy L, Porter NM, Thibault O, Blalock EM
Citation(s) 21483696
Submission date Oct 04, 2010
Last update date Jul 31, 2017
Contact name Eric M Blalock
Phone 859-323-8033
Organization name University of Kentucky
Department Molecular and Biomedical Pharmacology
Lab Blalock
Street address 800 Rose St.
City Lexington
State/province KY
ZIP/Postal code 40475
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL1355 [Rat230_2] Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array
Samples (12)
GSM604547 rat parietal cortex, young , subject 1
GSM604548 rat parietal cortex, young , subject 2
GSM604549 rat parietal cortex, young , subject 3
BioProject PRJNA132595

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE24515_RAW.tar 32.3 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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