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Series GSE28270 Query DataSets for GSE28270
Status Public on Aug 10, 2012
Title Distinct developmental ground states of different epiblast stem cell lines determine pluripotency features
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Epiblast stem cells (EpiSC) are pluripotent stem cells derived from mouse postimplantation embryos between E5.5 to E7.5, a time window in which gastrulation commences. Therefore, EpiSC represent a valuable tool for studying mammalian postimplantation development in vitro. Beyond their pluripotent features, EpiSC can also be reprogrammed into a mouse embryonic stem cell-like (mESC) state. Published reports showed that EpiSC reversion requires transcription factor overexpression, while others suggest that applying stringent mESC culture conditions alone was sufficient to revert EpiSC to mESC-like cells. In an effort to clarify these discrepancies, we systematically compared a panel of independent EpiSC lines. Indeed, the different lines shared a number of defining EpiSC characteristics such as teratoma formation ability, regardless of the day of isolation from the embryo. However, despite being grown in identical, self-renewal-promoting conditions, some lines displayed strong expression of genes associated with mesendodermal differentiation. Strikingly, these same lines were not revertable to a mESC-like state by applying stringent mESC culture conditions. Moreover, expression of mesendodermal marker genes correlated in a negative manner with the ability to efficiently undergo neural induction. Overall, our data suggest that different EpiSC lines may self-renew in distinct developmental ground states, which has important consequences for functional readouts such as revert ability to a mESC-like state and directed differentiation.
For EpiSC lines derivation E5.5 embryos were plated onto irradiated mouse embryonic feeder cells (MEF cells) seeded at low density. Outgrowths were picked and expanded manually. Basal medium consisted of Knock-Out-DMEM, 20% Knock-Out Serum Replacement, Non Essential Amino Acids, L-Glutamine and beta-Mercaptoethanol (all Gibco). For cultivation on feeders 5ng/ml bFGF (Peprotech) was added to the medium to yield EpiSC medium. For preparation of mouse embryonic fibroblast-conditioned medium, EpiSC medium incubated on inactivated MEFs, followed by addition of another 5ng/ml bFGF (CM+). For feeder free culture, EpiSCs were seeded onto FCS-coated dishes. EpiSC were routinely passaged using 1mg/ml Collagenase IV (Invitrogen). Mouse ESC were cultured in standard conditions - Knock-Out-DMEM, 15% Knock-Out Serum Replacement (both Gibco), 5% fetal calf serum (Biowest), Non Essential Amino Acids, L-Glutamine and betaŸ-Mercaptoethanol (all Gibco), supplemented with either homemade or commercially available LIF (ESGRO) at 1000U/ml. Some experiments were carried out in chemically defined N2B27 medium 11 in the presence of 10ng/ml bFGF. For reversion experiments, EpiSC were harvested using Accutase (Invitrogen) and seeded as single cells at approximately 16.000 cells / well of a 6-well plate (Sarstedt) in CM+. After 24h medium was changed to PCL medium (basal medium, LIF (1000U/ml), PD0325901 (Axon Medchem 1µM), and CHIR99021 (Axon Medchem 3µM). After 48h treatment, reversion medium was further supplemented with 10µM SB431542 (Sigma) to eliminate remaining EpiSC.
Overall design 7 samples were analyzed:
OG2.1: OG2.1 EpiSC, 1 biological rep
OG2.2: OG2.2 EpiSC, 1 biological rep
E3: E3 EpiSC, 1 biological rep
E5: E5 EpiSC, 1 biological rep
T9: T9 EpiSC, 1 biological rep
C1a1: C1a1 EpiSC, 1 biological rep
mESC: R1 ESC, 1 biological rep
Contributor(s) Bernemann C, Greber B, Ko K, Sterneckert J, Han DW, Araúzo-Bravo MJ, Schöler HR
Citation(s) 21898681
Submission date Mar 30, 2011
Last update date Jun 14, 2018
Contact name Marcos J Araúzo-Bravo
Organization name Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine
Department Cell and Developmental Biology
Lab Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
Street address Rontgenstr. 20
City Muenster
ZIP/Postal code 48149
Country Germany
Platforms (1)
GPL6885 Illumina MouseRef-8 v2.0 expression beadchip
Samples (7)
GSM699678 OG2.1
GSM699679 OG2.2
GSM699680 E3
BioProject PRJNA139269

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE28270_RAW.tar 3.1 Mb (http)(custom) TAR
GSE28270_non-normalized.txt.gz 1.2 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
Raw data are available on Series record
Processed data included within Sample table

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