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Series GSE29110 Query DataSets for GSE29110
Status Public on Jan 01, 2012
Title Fibrogenic and redox-related but not proinflammatory genes are upregulated in lewis rat model of chronic silicosis
Organism Rattus norvegicus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Silicosis, a fibrotic granulomatous lung disease, may occur through accidental high-dose or occupational inhalation of silica, leading to acute/accelerated and chronic silicosis, respectively. While chronic silicosis has a long asymptomatic latency, lung inflammation and apoptosis are hallmarks of acute silicosis. In animal models, histiocytic granulomas develop within days after high-dose intratracheal silica instillation. However, following chronic inhalation of occupationally relevant doses of silica, discrete granulomas resembling human silicosis arise months after the final exposure without significant lung inflammation/apoptosis. To identify molecular events associated with chronic silicosis, lung RNAs from controls or chronically silica-exposed rats were analyzed by Affymetrix at 28 wk after silica exposures. Results suggested a significant upregulation of 144 genes and downregulation of seven genes. The upregulated genes included complement cascade, chemokines/chemokine receptors, G-protein signaling components, metalloproteases, and genes associated with oxidative stress. To examine the kinetics of gene expression relevant to silicosis, qPCR, ELISA, Luminex-bead assays, Western blotting, and/or zymography were performed on lung tissues from 4 d, 28 wk, and intermediate times after chronic silica exposure and compared with 14 d acute silicosis samples. Results indicated that genes regulating fibrosis (secreted phosphoprotein-1, CCL2, and CCL7), redox enzymes (superoxide dismutase-2 and arginase-1), and the enzymatic activities of matrix metalloproteinases 2 and 9 were upregulated in acute and chronic silicosis; however, proinflammatory cytokines were strongly upregulated only in acute silicosis. Thus, inflammatory cytokines are associated with acute but not chronic silicosis; however, genes regulating fibrosis, oxidative stress, and metalloproteases may contribute to both acute and chronic silicosis.
 
Overall design 3 rats were chronically exposed to silica by inhalation. Briefly, exposure chambers were maintained with an airflow rate of ~15 cfm and temperature range of 22–26°C. Animals were exposed to 6.2 mg/m3 aerosolized silica (Min-U-Sil 5; U.S. Silica, Mill Creek, OK) with an average particle size of 1.75 ± 0.05 mm (mass median aerodynamic diameter) 6 h/d, 5 d/wk (Monday–Friday) for 6 wk. 3 control animals received filtered air under similar inhalation conditions.
 
Contributor(s) Langley RJ, Mishra NC, Peña-Philippides JC, Seagrave J, Rice BJ, Singh SP, Sopori ML
Citation(s) 21830856
Submission date May 06, 2011
Last update date Jul 31, 2017
Contact name Raymond J Langley
E-mail(s) rlangley@lrri.org
Phone 505-348-9614
Organization name LRRI
Department immunology
Lab 324
Street address 2425 Ridgecrest Dr
City Albuquerque
State/province New Mexico
ZIP/Postal code 87108
Country USA
 
Platforms (1)
GPL1355 [Rat230_2] Affymetrix Rat Genome 230 2.0 Array
Samples (6)
GSM720963 lung_control_1
GSM720964 lung_control_2
GSM720965 lung_control_3
Relations
BioProject PRJNA140375

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE29110_RAW.tar 16.8 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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