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Series GSE30500 Query DataSets for GSE30500
Status Public on May 03, 2012
Title Direct Reprogramming of Fibroblasts into Neural Stem Cells by Defined Factors
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Recent advances in the stem cell biology have revealed that cell type-specific transcription factors could reset the somatic memory and induce direct reprogramming into specific cellular identities. The induction of pluripotency in terminally differentiated cells has been a major achievement in the field of direct reprogramming. Recent studies have shown that fibroblasts could be directly converted into specific cell types, such as neurons, cardiomyocytes, blood progenitor cells, and epiblast stem cells, without first passing through an induced pluripotent stem cell state3-7. However, direct reprogramming of differentiated cells into somatic stem cell types has not been described yet4. Here we show that a combination of neural-specific transcription factors (Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, Brn4/Pou3f4 or Sox2, Klf4, c-Myc, Brn4, E47/Tcf3) can induce a neural stem cell (NSC) fate on the fibroblasts. Induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) showed morphology, gene expression, epigenetic features, differentiation potential, and functionality similar to wild-type NSCs. Therefore, our data suggest that cell type-specific defined factors can induce specific stem cell identities on somatic cells.
Fibroblasts (5 x 104 cells) were infected with retroviruses for two days, and cells were maintained in NSC media: DMEM/F-12 supplemented with N2 or B27 supplements (Gibco-BRL), 10 ng/ml EGF, 10 ng/ml bFGF (both from Invitrogen), 50 ug/ml BSA (Fraction V Gibco-BRL), and 1x penicillin/streptomycin/glutamine (Gibco-BRL). In order to establish stable iNSC lines, were either manually picked mature iNSC clumps or passaged and seeded the whole dishes of cells onto either gelatin- or laminin-coated dishes. RNA samples to be analysed on microarrays were prepared using QIAGEN RNeasy columns with on-column DNA digestion. 500 ng of total RNA per sample was used as input RNA into a linear amplification protocol (Ambion) involving synthesis of T7-linked double-stranded cDNA and 12 h of in-vitro transcription incorporating biotin-labelled nucleotides. Purified and labelled cRNA was hybridised onto MouseRef-8 v2 expression BeadChips (Illumina) for 18 h according to the manufacturer's instructions. After washing, as recommended, chips were stained with streptavidin-Cy3 (GE Healthcare) and scanned using iScan reader (Illumina) and accompanying software.
Samples were hybridised as biological replicates.
Overall design 9 samples were analyzed.
Fibroblast: CF1 Mouse embryonic fibroblasts, 1 biological rep
Control NSC: OG2-Rosa Neural Stem Cells, 2 biological rep
4F iNSC (late): 4 factors induced Neural Stem Cells (late passage), 2 biological rep
4F iNSC (early): 4 factors induced Neural Stem Cells (early passage), 2 biological rep
5F iNSC: 5 factors induced Neural Stem Cells, 2 biological rep
Contributor(s) Han D, Zaehres H, Hermann A, Tapia N, Araúzo-Bravo MJ, Greber B, Yang J, Moritz S, Schöler HR
Citation(s) 22445517
Submission date Jul 07, 2011
Last update date Jun 14, 2018
Contact name Marcos J Araúzo-Bravo
Organization name Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine
Department Cell and Developmental Biology
Lab Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
Street address Rontgenstr. 20
City Muenster
ZIP/Postal code 48149
Country Germany
Platforms (1)
GPL6885 Illumina MouseRef-8 v2.0 expression beadchip
Samples (9)
GSM756530 Fibroblast rep1
GSM756531 Control NSC rep1
GSM756532 Control NSC rep2
BioProject PRJNA143337

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE30500_RAW.tar 3.1 Mb (http)(custom) TAR
GSE30500_non-normalized.txt.gz 1.3 Mb (ftp)(http) TXT
Raw data are available on Series record
Processed data included within Sample table

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