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Series GSE31712 Query DataSets for GSE31712
Status Public on Sep 06, 2012
Title Danio rerio larvae exposed to SSRIs Fluoxetine and Sertraline
Organism Danio rerio
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Pharmaceutical chemicals used in human medicine are released into surface waters via municipal effluents and pose a risk for aquatic organisms. Among these substances are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) which can affect aquatic organisms at sub ppb concentrations. To better understand biochemical pathways influenced by SSRIs, evaluate changes in the transcriptome, and identify gene transcripts with potential for biomarkers of exposure to SSRIs; larval zebrafish Danio rerio were exposed (96 h) to two concentrations (25 and 250 µg/L) of the SSRIs, fluoxetine and sertraline, and changes in global gene expression were evaluated (Affymetrix GeneChip® Zebrafish Array). Significant changes in gene expression (>=1.7 fold change, p<0.05) were determined with Partek® Genomics Suite Gene Expression Data Analysis System and ontology analysis was conducted using Molecular Annotation System 3. The number of genes differentially expressed after fluoxetine exposure was 288 at 25 µg/L and 131 at 250 µg/L; and after sertraline exposure was 33 at 25 µg/L and 52 at 250 µg/L. Five genes were differentially regulated in all treatments relative to control, suggesting that both SSRIs share some similar molecular pathways. Among them, expression of the gene coding for FK506 binding protein 5 (FKBP5), which is annotated to stress response regulation, was highly down-regulated in all treatments (results confirmed by qRT-PCR). Gene ontology analysis indicated that regulation of stress response and cholinesterase activity were critical functions influenced by these SSRIs, and suggested that changes in the transcription of FKBP5 or acetylcholinesterase could be useful biomarkers of SSRIs exposure in wild fish.
Overall design Zebrafish (Danio rerio) were obtained from the Zebrafish Research Facility maintained at the Center for Environmental Biotechnology at the University of Tennessee. Fish husbandry, spawning, and experimental procedures were conducted with approval from the UT Insititutional Animal Care and Use Committee (Protocol #1690-1007). Water for holding fish and conducting experiments (hereafter referred to as fish water) consisted of MilliQ water (Millipore, Bedford, MA) with ions added: 19 mg/L NaHCO3, 1 mg/L sea salt (Instant Ocean Synthetic Sea Salt, Mentor, OH), 10 mg/L CaSO4, 10 mg/L MgSO4, 2 mg/L KCl. Embroyos were obtained by spawning adult fish with no history of contaminant exposure. Fertilization of embryos took place at the same time (<15 minutes), such that larvae used in experiments were of similar age at the time of exposure. All activities (maintenance of adult fish, spawning, and experiments) were conducted in an environmental chamber with a temperature of 27 +/- 1 C and 14:10h light:dark photoperiod.
Larval zebrafish (72 hpf) were exposed for 96 h in 200ml fish water containing appropirate amount of SSRI stock (i.e. fluoxetine or sertraline). There were four SSRIs treatments (25 and 250 ug/L fluoxetine and 25 and 250 ug/L sertraline) and one control (no SSRIs) with triplicate beakers and each beaker contained about 100 larval fish. During exposure for 96 hours, beakers were kept covered to prevent water evaporation and fish were not fed (i.e., fish consumed their yolk sac).
Contributor(s) Park JW, Heah TP, Gouffon JS, Henry TB, Sayler GS
Citation(s) 22575097
Submission date Aug 29, 2011
Last update date Jan 25, 2018
Contact name Julia Gouffon
Organization name Univ. of TN
Department Nutrition
Lab Affymetrix Core Lab
Street address 1215 West Cumberland Ave, RM 229
City Knoxville
State/province TN
ZIP/Postal code 37996
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL1319 [Zebrafish] Affymetrix Zebrafish Genome Array
Samples (15)
GSM787283 Fluoxetine_25_rep1
GSM787284 Fluoxetine_25_rep2
GSM787285 Fluoxetine_25_rep3
BioProject PRJNA145459

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE31712_RAW.tar 30.1 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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