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Series GSE4481 Query DataSets for GSE4481
Status Public on Dec 15, 2006
Title C-type natriuretic peptide regulates endochondral ossification through p38 MAP kinase-dependent pathways_2
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) has been recently identified as an important anabolic regulator of endochondral bone growth, but the molecular mechanism mediating these effects are not completely understood. Here we demonstrate that CNP activates the p38 MAP kinase pathway in chondrocytes and that pharmacological inhibition of p38 blocks the anabolic effects of CNP in a tibia organ culture system. We further show that CNP stimulates endochondral bone growth largely through expansion of the hypertrophic zone of the growth plate, while delaying mineralization. Both effects are reversed by p38 inhibition. We performed Affymetrix microarray analyses to identify CNP target genes in the organ culture system. These studies confirmed that hypertrophic chondrocytes are the main targets of CNP signaling in the growth plate, potentially because cGMP-dependent kinases I and II, important transducers of CNP signaling and are expressed at much higher levels in these cells than in other areas of the tibia. One of the genes most strongly induced by CNP was the Ptgs2 gene, encoding Cox2. Real-time PCR confirmed that Cox2 expression was induced by CNP in hypertrophic chondrocytes, but surprisingly in a p38-independent manner. Moreover, Cox2 inhibition – in contrast to p38 inhibition - did not block the anabolic effects of CNP. In summary, our data identify novel target genes of CNP and demonstrate that the p38 pathway is a novel, essential mediator of CNP effects on endochondral ossification, with potential implications for numerous skeletal diseases.
Keywords: Growth plate zone comparison and treatment response analysis
Overall design Tibiae from E15.5 day old embryonic mice were isolated and cultured in minimal media in the presence of vehicle, BSA/HCl (1mM), or C-type natriuretic peptide, CNP (10-6M). On the sixth day of treatment cultured tibias were micro-dissected into the resting/proliferating, hypertrophic, and mineralized areas. Distinct zones from approximately 24 bones were pooled together, from which RNA was isolated using the Qiagen RNeasy Lipid Extraction Kit. Once the quality of total RNA from three independent trials was determined using the Agilent 2100 bioanalyzer, microarray analyses were performed at the London Regional Genomics Centre using MOE430_2.0 Affymetrix arrays. Results were analyzed using GeneSpring 7.2 software.
Contributor(s) Agoston H, Khan S, James CG, Serra R, Stanton L, Beier F
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Submission date Mar 15, 2006
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Claudine James
Phone (519)661-3387
Fax (519)850-2459
Organization name University of Western Ontario
Department Physiology and Pharmacology
Lab Frank Beier/ CIHR Group in Skeletal Development and Remodeling
Street address 1151 Richmond Street, Suite 2
City London
State/province Ontario
ZIP/Postal code N6A 5C1
Country Canada
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (18)
GSM100169 3BSA R/P
GSM100197 3BSA H
GSM100198 3BSA M
BioProject PRJNA94353

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE4481_RAW.tar 120.0 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL, EXP)
Raw data provided as supplementary file

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