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Series GSE5786 Query DataSets for GSE5786
Status Public on Oct 05, 2006
Title Gene Expression Profiling of PGC-1a KO mouse striata
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Huntington’s Disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disease caused by a glutamine repeat expansion in huntingtin protein. Transcriptional deregulation and altered energy metabolism have been implicated in HD pathogenesis. We report here that mutant huntingtin causes disruption of mitochondrial function by inhibiting expression of PGC-1a, a transcriptional coactivator that regulates several metabolic processes including mitochondrial biogenesis and respiration. Mutant huntingtin represses PGC-1a gene transcription by associating with the promoter and interfering with the CREB/TAF4-dependent transcriptional pathway critical for the regulation of PGC-1a gene expression. Crossbreeding of PGC-1a knockout mice with HD knock-in mice leads to increased neurodegeneration of striatal neurons and motor abnormalities in the HD mice. Importantly, expression of PGC-1a partially reverses the toxic effects of mutant huntingtin in cultured striatal neurons. Moreover, lentiviral-mediated delivery of PGC-1a in the striatum provides neuroprotection in the transgenic HD mice. These studies suggest a key role for PGC-1a in the control of energy metabolism in the early stages of HD pathogenesis.
Keywords: PGC-1a, striatum
 
Overall design Total RNA was extracted from striata of 3 pgc1α KO mice and 3 littermate controls using the RNeasy Mini Kit (Qiagen) according to manufacturer’s protocol. Samples were analyzed using RNA 6000 Nano LabChip kit on a 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies) to ensure integrity of RNA.
 
Contributor(s) Cui L, Jeong H, Borovecki F, Parkhurst C, Tanese N, Krainc D
Citation(s) 17018277
Submission date Sep 07, 2006
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Dimitri Krainc
E-mail(s) dkrainc@partners.org
Phone 617-724-1726
Organization name Massachusetts General Hospital
Department Neurology
Street address 114 16th Street
City Charlestown
State/province MA
ZIP/Postal code 02129
Country USA
 
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (6)
GSM135217 PGC-1a KO 1
GSM135219 PGC-1a KO 2
GSM135221 PGC-1a KO 3
Relations
BioProject PRJNA97141

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