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Series GSE60931 Query DataSets for GSE60931
Status Public on Mar 05, 2015
Title The Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter controls skeletal muscle mass in vivo
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Muscle atrophy contributes to the poor prognosis of many physiopathological conditions, but pharmacological therapies are still limited. Muscle activity leads to major swings in mitochondrial [Ca2+] which control aerobic metabolism, cell death and survival pathways. We have investigated in vivo the effects of mitochondrial Ca2+ homeostasis in skeletal muscle function and trophism, by overexpressing or silencing the Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter (MCU). The results coherently demonstrate that both in developing and in adult muscles MCU-dependent mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake has a marked trophic effect that does not depend on autophagy or aerobic control, but impinges on two major hypertrophic pathways of skeletal muscle, PGC-1α4 and Igf1-Akt/PKB. In adult mice, MCU overexpression protects from denervation-induced atrophy. These data reveal a novel Ca2+-dependent organelle-to-nucleus signaling route, which links mitochondrial function to the control of muscle mass and may represent a possible pharmacological target in sarcopenia.
 
Overall design Experiments were performed on biological replicates of single skeletal muscle fibres. Seven fibres were chosen for their Mutochondrial Calcium Uniporter (MCU) overexpression and other seven fibres because MCU was silenced. Overexpression and silencing were performed injecting skeletal muscle with AAV containing MCU gene or short interfering oligos specific for MCU. As control was profiled eigth fibres transfected with AAV and eigth wild type fibres. Analyses were performed 7 days and 14 days after the AAV injection (3 fibers after 7 days and 4 fibers after 14 days for MCU overexpression and silencing, four fibres after 7 days and four after 14 days for control).
 
Contributor(s) Cagnin S, Chemello F, Lanfranchi G, Mammucari C, Rizzuto R, Gherardi G, Raffaello A, Pallafacchina G, Zanin S, Braga A, De Stefani D, Zamparo I
Citation(s) 25732818, 26484227
Submission date Aug 29, 2014
Last update date Jul 19, 2017
Contact name Gerolamo Lanfranchi
E-mail(s) stefano.cagnin@unipd.it
Phone +39-0498276219
Organization name University of Padova
Department CRIBI - Biotechnology Center and Biology Department
Lab Functional Genomics Lab
Street address Via U. Bassi, 58/B
City Padova
ZIP/Postal code 35131
Country Italy
 
Platforms (1)
GPL13912 Agilent-028005 SurePrint G3 Mouse GE 8x60K Microarray (Feature Number version)
Samples (30)
GSM1493832 Fast fibre 1-Wild type-7days
GSM1493833 Fast fibre 2-Wild type-7days
GSM1493834 Fast fibre 3-Wild type-7days
Relations
BioProject PRJNA259855

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE60931_RAW.tar 369.3 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of TXT)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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