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Series GSE6686 Query DataSets for GSE6686
Status Public on Jul 05, 2007
Title Gene expression profiles in skeletal muscle after gene transfer by electroporation
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Abstract
Background: Gene transfer by electroporation (electro gene transfer) to muscle results in high level long term transgenic expression, showing great promise for treatment of e.g. protein deficiency syndromes.
However little is known about the effects of electro gene transfer on muscle fibres. We have therefore investigated transcriptional changes through gene expression profile analyses, as well as morphological changes evaluated by histological analysis. Electro gene transfer was obtained using a combination of a short high voltage pulse (HV, 1000 V/cm, 100 @s) followed by a long low voltage pulse (LV, 100 V/cm, 400 ms); a pulse combination optimised for efficient and safe gene transfer. Muscles were transfected with green fluorescent protein (GFP) and excised at 4 hours, 48 hours or 3 weeks after treatment.
Results: Differentially expressed genes were investigated by microarray analysis, and descriptive statistics were performed to evaluate the effects of 1) electroporation, 2) DNA injection, and 3) time after treatment.
The biological significance of the results was assessed by gene annotation and supervised cluster analysis. Generally, electroporation caused down-regulation of structural proteins e.g. sarcospan and catalytic en-zymes such as phosphoenolpuryvate carboxykinase. Injection of DNA induced down-regulation of intracellular transport proteins e.g. sentrin. The effects on muscle fibres were transient as the expression profiles 3 weeks after treatment were closely related with the control muscles. Most interestingly, no changes in the expression of proteins involved in inflammatory responses or muscle regeneration was detected, indicating limited muscle damage and regeneration. Histological analysis revealed structural changes with loss of cell integrity and striation pattern in some fibres after DNA+HV+LV treatment, while electroporation alone caused minor loss of striation pattern but preservation of cell integrity.
Conclusion: The small and transient changes found in the gene expression profiles are of great importance, as this demonstrates that electro gene transfer is safe with minor effects on the muscle host cells. These findings are essential for introducing the electro gene transfer to muscle for clinical use. Indeed the HV+LV pulse combination used have been optimised to ensure highly efficient and safe electro gene transfer.
Keywords: Electro gene transfer, microarray, affymetrix, gene therapy, skeletal muscle, mouse, time course
Overall design The mice did recieve to their tibialis cranialis muscle either No tretment/control (CTRL), Electroporation only (EP), Plasmid injection only (DNA) or Plasmid DNA and in vivo Electro gene transfer (EP+DNA).
Four hrs, 48 hrs and 3 weeks after treatment the mice were euthanized and the expression profile of the treated muscles were analysed.
The following number of mice were included:
CTRL, 3 mice,
EP at 4 hrs, 1 mouse,
EP at 48 hrs, 1 mouse,
EP at 3 weeks, 1 mouse,
DNA at 4 hrs, 1 mouse,
DNA at 48 hrs, 1 mouse,
DNA at 3 weeks, 1 mouse,
EP+DNA at 4 hrs, 2 mice,
EP+DNA at 48 hrs, 1 mouse,
EP+DNA at 3 weeks, 1 mouse.
A total number of mice 13.
Contributor(s) Moller PH, Zibert JR, Eriksen J, Gehl J
Citation(s) 17598924
Submission date Jan 09, 2007
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name John R. Zibert
Phone +45 3977 7538
Fax +45 3965 7137
Organization name Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte
Department Dep. of Dermatology
Street address Niels Andersens Vej 65, KA-1502
City Hellerup
ZIP/Postal code 2900
Country Denmark
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (13)
BioProject PRJNA99063

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE6686_RAW.tar 49.8 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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