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Series GSE6798 Query DataSets for GSE6798
Status Public on Oct 20, 2007
Title Reduced expression of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism genes in skeletal muscle of women with PCOS
Organism Homo sapiens
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Recently, abnormalities in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of skeletal muscle insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. In the present study, we hypothesized that decreased expression of OXPHOS genes could be of similar importance for insulin resistance in the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
Using the HG-U133 Plus 2.0 expression array from Affymetrix, we analyzed gene expression in skeletal muscle from obese women with PCOS (n=16) and age- and body mass index-matched control women (n=13) metabolically characterized by euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp and indirect calorimetry. To identify pathways of importance for the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in PCOS, we performed biological pathway analysis using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA 1.0) and Gene Microarray Pathway Profiler (GenMAPP 2.0). The expression of 9 genes, selected according to biological relevance, was evaluated by quantitative real time PCR (q-RT-PCR).
Women with PCOS were characterized by fasting hyperinsulinemia and impaired insulin-stimulated glucose disposal - caused by reduced glucose oxidation and storage - as well as impaired suppression of lipid oxidation (all P<0.01). GSEA and GenMAPP both revealed the same set of genes involved in OXPHOS, which was also the most downregulated biological pathway (P<0.01). These results were confirmed by q-RT-PCR of six genes from the OXPHOS gene set as well as three transcription factors known to regulate the transcription of these genes.
Our results, for the first time, provide evidence for an association between insulin resistance and impaired mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in skeletal muscle in women with PCOS. This may contribute to the increased risk of type 2 diabetes observed in these women
Keywords: PCOS, DNA microarray, global pathway analysis, mitochondrial oxidative metabolism, qantitative real time PCR, insulin resistance, skeletal muscle
Overall design 16 insulin resistant PCOS patients of fertile age were matched to 13 healthy control subjects.
Contributor(s) Skov V, Glintborg D, Knudsen S, Jensen T, Tan Q, Kruse TA, Brusgaard K, Beck-Nielsen H, Højlund K
Citation(s) 17563058
Submission date Jan 18, 2007
Last update date Mar 25, 2019
Contact name Vibe Skov
Phone +4526178735
Organization name Roskilde Hospital
Department Hematology
Street address Koegevej 7-13
City Roskilde
ZIP/Postal code 4000
Country Denmark
Platforms (1)
GPL570 [HG-U133_Plus_2] Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array
Samples (29)
GSM155631 Muscle control 3
GSM155643 Muscle control 2
GSM155644 Muscle control 6
BioProject PRJNA99193

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE6798_RAW.tar 233.7 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file

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