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Series GSE72081 Query DataSets for GSE72081
Status Public on Jun 28, 2016
Title Exploiting microRNA and mRNA profiles generated in vitro from carcinogen-exposed primary mouse hepatocytes for predicting in vivo genotoxicity and carcinogenicity (mRNA)
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary The well-defined battery of in vitro systems applied within chemical cancer risk assessment is often characterised by a high false-positive rate, thus repeatedly failing to correctly predict the in vivo genotoxic and carcinogenic properties of test compounds. Toxicogenomics, i.e. mRNA-profiling, has been proven successful in improving the prediction of genotoxicity in vivo and the understanding of underlying mechanisms. Recently, microRNAs have been discovered as post-transcriptional regulators of mRNAs. It is thus hypothesised that using microRNA response-patterns may further improve current prediction methods. This study aimed at predicting genotoxicity and non-genotoxic carcinogenicity in vivo, by comparing microRNA- and mRNA-based profiles, using a frequently applied in vitro liver model and exposing this to a range of well-chosen prototypical carcinogens. Primary mouse hepatocytes (PMH) were treated for 24 and 48h with 21 chemical compounds [genotoxins (GTX) vs. non-genotoxins (NGTX) and non-genotoxic carcinogens (NGTX-C) versus non-carcinogens (NC)]. MicroRNA and mRNA expression changes were analysed by means of Exiqon and Affymetrix microarray-platforms, respectively. Classification was performed by using Prediction Analysis for Microarrays (PAM). Compounds were randomly assigned to training and validation sets (repeated 10 times). Before prediction analysis, pre-selection of microRNAs and mRNAs was performed by using a leave-one-out t-test. No microRNAs could be identified that accurately predicted genotoxicity or non-genotoxic carcinogenicity in vivo. However, mRNAs could be detected which appeared reliable in predicting genotoxicity in vivo after 24h (7 genes) and 48h (2 genes) of exposure (accuracy: 90% and 93%, sensitivity: 65% and 75%, specificity: 100% and 100%). Tributylinoxide and para-Cresidine were misclassified. Also, mRNAs were identified capable of classifying NGTX-C after 24h (5 genes) as well as after 48h (3 genes) of treatment (accuracy: 78% and 88%, sensitivity: 83% and 83%, specificity: 75% and 93%). Wy-14,643, phenobarbital and ampicillin trihydrate were misclassified. We conclude that genotoxicity and non-genotoxic carcinogenicity probably cannot be accurately predicted based on microRNA profiles. Overall, transcript-based prediction analyses appeared to clearly outperform microRNA-based analyses.
Overall design The study investigated differential gene expression in primary mouse hepatocyte mRNA following 24 and 48 hours of exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate(DEHP), 4-Acetylaminofluorene(4AAF), Curcumin(Cur), Phenobarbital(PhB), Reserpine(Res), 7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA), Resorcinol(Resorcinol), Para-cresidine(pCres), Phenacetin(Phen), Diclofenac(diclo), Wy 14643(Wy), Tributyltinoxide(TBTO), Benzo[a]pyrene(BaP), 8-Hydroxyquinoline [AKA 8-quinolinol](8HQ), 17-b-estradiol(E2), ampicillin(AmpC), cisplatin(CisPl), Aflatoxin B1(AFB1), Cyclosporin A(CsA), 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin(TCDD), Quercetin(Que) or their responsive solvent (dimethylsulfoxide(DMSO), Ethanol(ETOH), phosphate buffered saline(PBS)). Three biological replicates per compound/solvent. In total 184 arrays.
Web link
Contributor(s) Rieswijk L
Citation(s) 27338304
Submission date Aug 14, 2015
Last update date Jun 30, 2016
Contact name Linda Rieswijk
Organization name Maastricht University
Department Toxicogenomics
Street address Universiteitssingel 50
City Maastricht
ZIP/Postal code 6229 ER
Country Netherlands
Platforms (1)
GPL18615 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array [CDF: Mouse4302_Mm_ENTREZG.cdf Brainarray version 17.0.0]
Samples (184)
GSM1375663 AFB1_24h_Exp1
GSM1375664 AFB1_24h_Exp2
GSM1375665 AFB1_24h_Exp3
This SubSeries is part of SuperSeries:
GSE72088 Exploiting microRNA and mRNA profiles generated in vitro from carcinogen-exposed primary mouse hepatocytes for predicting in vivo genotoxicity and carcinogenicity
BioProject PRJNA292906

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE72081_RAW.tar 664.5 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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