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Series GSE7683 Query DataSets for GSE7683
Status Public on Jul 04, 2007
Title Microarray of Dexamethasone-treated primary chondrocytes identifies downstream targets of glucocorticoid signalling
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Background: Glucocorticoids (GCs) are widely used anti-inflammatory drugs. While useful in clinical practice, patients taking GCs often suffer from skeletal side effects including growth retardation and decreased bone quality in adults. On a physiological level, GCs have been implicated in the regulation of chondrogenesis and osteoblast differentiation, as well as maintaining homeostasis in cartilage and bone. We identified the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) as a potential regulator of chondrocyte hypertrophy in a microarray screen of primary limb bud mesenchyme micromass cultures. Some targets of GC regulation in chondrogenesis are known, but the global effects of pharmacological GC doses on chondrocyte gene expression have not been comprehensively evaluated.
Results: This study systematically identifies a spectrum of GC target genes in embryonic growth plate chondrocytes treated with synthetic GR agonist, dexamethasone (DEX), at 6 and 24 hrs. Conventional analysis of this data set and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed. Transcripts associated with metabolism were enriched in the DEX condition along with extracellular matrix genes. In contrast, a subset of growth factors and cytokines were negatively correlated with DEX treatment. Comparing DEX-induced gene expression data to developmental changes in gene expression in micromass cultures revealed an additional layer of complexity in which DEX maintains the expression of certain chondrocyte marker genes while inhibiting factors that promote vascularization and ultimately ossification of the cartilaginous template.
Conclusions: Together, these results provide insight into the mechanisms and major molecular classes functioning downstream of DEX in primary chondrocytes monolayers. In addition, comparison of our data with microarray studies of DEX treatment in other cell types demonstrated that the majority of DEX effects are tissue-specific. This study provides novel insights into the effects of pharmacological GC on chondrocyte gene transcription and establishes the basis for subsequent functional studies.
Keywords: Time course and pharmacological treatment
Overall design Primary chondrocytes isolated from the tibiae, humeri and femurs of 15.5 day old mice are treated with 10EXP-7M DEX or an equal volume of the DMSO vehicle for 24 hrs. Total RNA is isolated after 6 hrs and 24 hrs of treatment. Samples from three independent experiments independent time courses were hybridized to Affymetrix MOE 430 2.0 mouse chips.

Number of time points: 2 (6hr and 24 hr)
Number of treatments: 2 (DEX and the vehicle control)
Number of Samples: 3 replicates per time point per treatment
Affymetrix chip: MOE 430 2.0
Cell type: Primary chondrocyte
Tissue or origin: Tibiae, humerus, femur
Species E15.5 mice
Samples: Total RNA

Contributor(s) James CG, Ulici V, Tuckermann J, Underhill TM, Beier F
Citation(s) 17603917
Submission date May 01, 2007
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Claudine James
Phone (519)661-3387
Fax (519)850-2459
Organization name University of Western Ontario
Department Physiology and Pharmacology
Lab Frank Beier/ CIHR Group in Skeletal Development and Remodeling
Street address 1151 Richmond Street, Suite 2
City London
State/province Ontario
ZIP/Postal code N6A 5C1
Country Canada
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (12)
GSM185887 DEX2_24H
GSM185888 DMSO2_24H
GSM185889 DMSO2_6H
BioProject PRJNA99433

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE7683_RAW.tar 50.5 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL, CHP, EXP)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table
Processed data provided as supplementary file

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