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Series GSE9237 Query DataSets for GSE9237
Status Public on Dec 23, 2007
Title Endothelial Cell Line Expression Patterns
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) influences T cell migration into and out of secondary lymphoid organs; however, its mechanism of action remains uncertain. Our previous research shows that agonism of the S1P receptor S1P1 inhibits the egress of T lymphocytes from the peripheral tissues into afferent lymphatics. To better define the mechanism of inhibition, we developed an in vitro model to characterize T cell transendothelial migration across lymphatics. Two commercially available endothelial cell lines (MS-1 and SVEC4-10) were characterized by flow cytometry, real time RT-PCR, and Affymetrix Gene Array. These cell lines were grown to confluent monolayers in transwell systems, on either the upper or lower surface of the transwell insert. T cells were isolated from the spleens of (C57BL/6 x C3H/HeJ)F1, S1P1 KO, or S1P1 KO littermate controls, and either treated with the S1P receptor modulator FTY720 or left untreated. Cells were migrated to chemokines (CCL19 or CCL21) for 4 hours, and migration quantified. Flow cytometry, RT-PCR, and array results identified MS-1 as a blood vascular endothelial cell line, expressing high levels of CD31, CD34, and ICAM-1 as well as other endothelial cell markers; while SVEC4-10 closely resemble a lymphatic phenotype, expressing LYVE-1, VEGFR-3, and podoplanin. T cells efficiently migrate across MS-1, whether grown on the upper or lower surface; whereas migration across SVEC4-10 only occurs when cells are grown on the lower surface of the transwell (iSVEC), recapitulating basal (abluminal) to apical (luminal) migration that occurs in vivo. FTY720 inhibits T cell migration across iSVEC, but not across MS-1. Inhibition is due to drug effects only on T cells but not endothelial cells. S1P1 KO T cells treated with FTY720 are not inhibited in their migration across the iSVEC line, showing that S1P1 stimulation is required for migration inhibition. The in vitro model developed here is the first to use endothelial cell lines to analyze the regulation of T cell migration across lymphatic endothelium. The results show there is directional control of T cell migration across lymphatic cells, such that T cells only migrate from a basal to apical direction. Agonism of S1P1 specifically inhibits migration, while absence of the receptor does not. These findings have important implications for the use of S1P1 agonists in transplantation, as inhibition of cell entry into afferent lymphatics and lymph nodes could impede the development of graft rejection.
We used microarrays to detail the global gene expression of these two cell lines in order to beter determine their phenotype as blood vascular or lymphatic endothelial cell line for use in our newly-developed in vitro model.
Keywords: Cell type comparison
Overall design MS-1 or SVEC4-10 endothelial cell lines were grown in culture flasks for 3-5 days in standard culture medium (see protocol below) until reaching confluence. Cells were then gently dissociated from flask and cells were placed in Trizol reagent for RNA isolation.
Contributor(s) Bromberg JS, Ledgerwood LG
Citation(s) 18037890
Submission date Oct 04, 2007
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Levi Ledgerwood
Phone 212-659-8244
Organization name Mount Sinai School of Medicine
Department Gene and Cell Medicine
Lab Bromberg Laboratory
Street address One Gustave L. Levy Place
City New York
State/province NY
ZIP/Postal code 10029
Country USA
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (2)
GSM234692 MS-1 cell line, biological rep1
GSM234693 SVEC4-10 cell line, biological rep1
BioProject PRJNA102843

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Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE9237_RAW.tar 7.8 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL, CHP)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

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