NCBI Logo
GEO Logo
   NCBI > GEO > Accession DisplayHelp Not logged in | LoginHelp
GEO help: Mouse over screen elements for information.
          Go
Series GSE9465 Query DataSets for GSE9465
Status Public on Dec 01, 2007
Title Murine Pulmonary Responses to Ambient Baltimore Particulate Matter
Organism Mus musculus
Experiment type Expression profiling by array
Summary Murine Pulmonary Responses to Ambient Baltimore Particulate Matter: Genomic Analysis and Contribution to Airway Hyperresponsiveness

Asthma is a complex disease characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and chronic airway inflammation. Environmental factors such as ambient particulate matter (PM), a major air pollutant, has been demonstrated in epidemiological studies to contribute to asthma exacerbation and increased asthma prevalence. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the genomic and pathophysiological effects of Baltimore PM (median diameter 1.78 µm) in a murine model of asthma to identify potential biomarkers. METHODS: A/J mice with ovalbumin (OVA) –induced AHR were exposed to PM (20 mg/kg, intratracheal), and both AHR and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were assayed on days 1, 4, and 7 post exposure. Lung gene expression profiling (Affymetrix Mouse430_ 2.0) by PM (20 mg/kg, intratracheal) were assayed on OVA- and / or PM--challenged mice. RESULTS: Significant increases of airway responsiveness in OVA-treated mice were observed, indicating an asthmatic phenotype. Ambient PM exposure induced significant changes in AHR in both naive mice and OVA-induced asthmatic mice. In both naive and OVA challenged asthmatic mice, PM induced eosinophil and neutrophil infiltration into airways, elevated BAL protein content, and stimulated secretion of TH1 cytokines (IFN-g, IL-6, and TNF-a) and TH2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, and eotaxin) into BAL. Consistent with these results, PM induced expression of genes of innate immune response, chemotaxis and complementary system. CONCLUSION: These studies, consistent with epidemiological data, indicate that PM increases AHR and lung inflammation in naïve mice and exacerbates the asthma phenotype of increased AHR and gene expression pattern changes correlated with acute lung inflammation and airway damage.
We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression induced by rhPBEF treatment and VALI.
Keywords: gene expression
 
Overall design animals were treated by PBS, Oval albumin, PM, or both OVA/PM
 
Contributor(s) Wang T, Moreno-Vinasco L, Huang Y, Lussier YA, Natarajan V, Garcia JG
Citation(s) 19057703
Submission date Oct 30, 2007
Last update date Feb 11, 2019
Contact name Yong Huang
E-mail(s) yh9fj@virginia.edu
Phone (434) 243-0842
Organization name University of Viginia
Department Medicine
Street address 1340 Jefferson Park Ave
City Charlottesville
State/province VA
ZIP/Postal code 22908
Country USA
 
Platforms (1)
GPL1261 [Mouse430_2] Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array
Samples (12)
GSM240333 PM_mouse_Lung Control rep1
GSM240334 PM_mouse_Lung Control rep2
GSM240335 PM_mouse_Lung Control rep3
Relations
BioProject PRJNA103235

Download family Format
SOFT formatted family file(s) SOFTHelp
MINiML formatted family file(s) MINiMLHelp
Series Matrix File(s) TXTHelp

Supplementary file Size Download File type/resource
GSE9465_RAW.tar 47.4 Mb (http)(custom) TAR (of CEL)
Raw data provided as supplementary file
Processed data included within Sample table

| NLM | NIH | GEO Help | Disclaimer | Accessibility |
NCBI Home NCBI Search NCBI SiteMap