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GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Hereditary disease

Summary

Genetic diseases are diseases in which inherited genes predispose to increased risk. The genetic disorders associated with cancer often result from an alteration or mutation in a single gene. The diseases range from rare dominant cancer family syndrome to familial tendencies in which low-penetrance genes may interact with other genes or environmental factors to induce cancer. Research may involve clinical, epidemiologic, and laboratory studies of persons, families, and populations at high risk of these disorders. [from NCI]

Clinical resources

Practice guidelines

  • ACMG, 2016
    Recommendations for reporting of secondary findings in clinical exome and genome sequencing, 2016 update (ACMG SF v2.0): a policy statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.
  • ASHG/ACMG, 2015
    Points to Consider: Ethical, Legal, and Psychosocial Implications of Genetic Testing in Children and Adolescents
  • ACMG, 2015
    Clinical utility of genetic and genomic services: a position statement of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.
  • ACMG, 2015
    Standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants: a joint consensus recommendation of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology.
  • ACMG, 2013
    ACMG recommendations for reporting of incidental findings in clinical exome and genome sequencing.

Consumer resources

IMPORTANT NOTE: NIH does not independently verify information submitted to the GTR; it relies on submitters to provide information that is accurate and not misleading. NIH makes no endorsements of tests or laboratories listed in the GTR. GTR is not a substitute for medical advice. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.