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GTR Home > Conditions/Phenotypes > Tuberous sclerosis syndrome

Summary

Excerpted from the GeneReview: Tuberous Sclerosis Complex
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) involves abnormalities of the skin (hypomelanotic macules, confetti skin lesions, facial angiofibromas, shagreen patches, fibrous cephalic plaques, ungual fibromas); brain (subependymal nodules, cortical tubers, and subependymal giant cell astrocytomas [SEGAs], seizures, intellectual disability / developmental delay, psychiatric illness); kidney (angiomyolipomas, cysts, renal cell carcinomas); heart (rhabdomyomas, arrhythmias); and lungs (lymphangioleiomyomatosis [LAM], multifocal micronodular pneumonocyte hyperplasia). Central nervous system tumors are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality; renal disease is the second leading cause of early death.

Genes See tests for all associated and related genes

  • Related genesHelp

Practice guidelines

  • ACMG, 2013
    Clinical genetics evaluation in identifying the etiology of autism spectrum disorders: 2013 guideline revisions.
  • Orphanet, 2007
    Orphanet, Tuberous sclerosis, 2007

Consumer resources

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