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GTR Home > Tests > Blood Coagulation Panel

Indication

This is a clinical test intended for Help: Diagnosis

Clinical summary

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Imported from OMIM

Sitosterolemia, also known as phytosterolemia, is an autosomal recessive metabolic condition characterized by unrestricted intestinal absorption of both cholesterol and plant-derived cholesterol-like molecules, such as sitosterol. Patients with this disorder have very high levels of plant sterols in the plasma and develop tendon and tuberous xanthomas, accelerated atherosclerosis, and premature coronary artery disease (summary by Berge et al., 2000). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of sitosterolemia, see 210250.

Clinical features

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Imported from Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO)

  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Tendon xanthomatosis
  • Premature coronary artery atherosclerosis
  • Elevated circulating sitosterol concentration

Conditions tested

Target population

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Not provided

Clinical validity

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This panel should be performed in all individuals suspected of having an overlapping clinical phenotype. Confirmation of a clinical diagnosis through genetic testing can allow for genetic counseling and may direct medical management. Genetic counseling can provide a patient and/or family with the natural history of the condition, identify at-risk family members, provide reproductive risks as well as preconception/prenatal options, and allow for appropriate referral for patient support and/or resources.

Citations

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Clinical utility

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IMPORTANT NOTE: NIH does not independently verify information submitted to the GTR; it relies on submitters to provide information that is accurate and not misleading. NIH makes no endorsements of tests or laboratories listed in the GTR. GTR is not a substitute for medical advice. Patients and consumers with specific questions about a genetic test should contact a health care provider or a genetics professional.