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Deviation of finger

MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Anatomical Abnormality
Synonyms: Atypical position of finger; Deformity of finger; Deviated fingers; Finger pointing in a different direction than usual
SNOMED CT: Deformity of finger (203556007); Deviation of finger (203556007)
HPO: HP:0004097


Deviated fingers is a term that should be used if one or more fingers of the hand are deviated from their normal position, either to the radial or ulnar side. A deviation of a finger can be caused by an abnormal form of one or more of the phalanges of the affected finger, or by a deviation or displacement of one or more phalanges. [from HPO]

Conditions with this feature

Acromesomelic dysplasia 2B
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Acromesomelic dysplasia-2B (AMD2B) is characterized by normal head and trunk, hypoplastic/dysplastic or absent fibulae, and severe hypoplastic/dysplastic hand/feet abnormalities. Mental development is normal (summary by Szczaluba et al., 2005).
Sclerosteosis 1
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
SOST-related sclerosing bone dysplasias include sclerosteosis and van Buchem disease, both disorders of progressive bone overgrowth due to increased bone formation. The major clinical features of sclerosteosis are progressive skeletal overgrowth, most pronounced in the skull and mandible, and variable syndactyly, usually of the second (index) and third (middle) fingers. Affected individuals appear normal at birth except for syndactyly. Facial distortion due to bossing of the forehead and mandibular overgrowth is seen in nearly all individuals and becomes apparent in early childhood with progression into adulthood. Hyperostosis of the skull results in narrowing of the foramina, causing entrapment of the seventh cranial nerve (leading to facial palsy) with other, less common nerve entrapment syndromes including visual loss (2nd cranial nerve), neuralgia or anosmia (5th cranial nerve), and sensory hearing loss (8th cranial nerve). In sclerosteosis, hyperostosis of the calvarium reduces intracranial volume, increasing the risk for potentially lethal elevation of intracranial pressure. Survival of individuals with sclerosteosis into old age is unusual, but not unprecedented. The manifestations of van Buchem disease are generally milder than sclerosteosis and syndactyly is absent; life span appears to be normal.
RAB23-related Carpenter syndrome
MedGen UID:
Concept ID:
Disease or Syndrome
Carpenter syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with the cardinal features of acrocephaly with variable synostosis of the sagittal, lambdoid, and coronal sutures; peculiar facies; brachydactyly of the hands with syndactyly; preaxial polydactyly and syndactyly of the feet; congenital heart defects; growth retardation; mental retardation; hypogenitalism; and obesity. In addition, cerebral malformations, oral and dental abnormalities, coxa valga, genu valgum, hydronephrosis, precocious puberty, and hearing loss may be observed (summary by Altunhan et al., 2011). Genetic Heterogeneity of Carpenter Syndrome Carpenter syndrome-2 (CRPT2; 614976), in which the features of Carpenter syndrome are sometimes associated with defective lateralization, is caused by mutation in the MEGF8 gene (604267).

Professional guidelines


Samade R, Lin JS, Popp JE, Samora JB
Hand (N Y) 2021 Sep;16(5):686-693. Epub 2019 Oct 9 doi: 10.1177/1558944719878846. PMID: 31597480Free PMC Article
Sigamoney KV, Rashid A, Ng CY
J Hand Surg Am 2017 Oct;42(10):826-830. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2017.07.026. PMID: 28969808
Sebastin SJ, Chung KC
J Pediatr Rehabil Med 2011;4(2):119-30. doi: 10.3233/PRM-2011-0169. PMID: 21955970

Recent clinical studies

Clinical prediction guides

Christou EA, Enoka RM
Age (Dordr) 2011 Sep;33(3):393-407. Epub 2010 Oct 14 doi: 10.1007/s11357-010-9190-4. PMID: 20945163Free PMC Article
Seo NJ, Rymer WZ, Kamper DG
Exp Brain Res 2010 May;202(4):891-901. Epub 2010 Feb 26 doi: 10.1007/s00221-010-2193-7. PMID: 20186401

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