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Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic, 8(PFIC8)

MedGen UID:
1794255
Concept ID:
C5562045
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: CHOLESTASIS, PROGRESSIVE FAMILIAL INTRAHEPATIC, 8; PFIC8
 
Gene (location): KIF12 (9q32)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0030505
OMIM®: 619662

Definition

Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis-8 (PFIC8) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cholestasis and high gamma-glutamyltransferase presenting in the infantile period (summary by Unlusoy Aksu et al., 2019). For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of PFIC, see PFIC1 (211600). [from OMIM]

Clinical features

From HPO
Portal hypertension
MedGen UID:
9375
Concept ID:
C0020541
Disease or Syndrome
Increased pressure in the portal vein.
Cholestasis
MedGen UID:
925
Concept ID:
C0008370
Disease or Syndrome
Impairment of bile flow due to obstruction in bile ducts.
Esophageal varix
MedGen UID:
5027
Concept ID:
C0014867
Disease or Syndrome
Extreme dilation of the submucusoal veins in the lower portion of the esophagus.
Hepatomegaly
MedGen UID:
42428
Concept ID:
C0019209
Finding
Abnormally increased size of the liver.
Jaundice
MedGen UID:
43987
Concept ID:
C0022346
Sign or Symptom
Yellow pigmentation of the skin due to bilirubin, which in turn is the result of increased bilirubin concentration in the bloodstream.
Cirrhosis of liver
MedGen UID:
7368
Concept ID:
C0023890
Disease or Syndrome
A chronic disorder of the liver in which liver tissue becomes scarred and is partially replaced by regenerative nodules and fibrotic tissue resulting in loss of liver function.
Hepatic fibrosis
MedGen UID:
116093
Concept ID:
C0239946
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of excessive fibrous connective tissue in the liver. Fibrosis is a reparative or reactive process.
Bile duct proliferation
MedGen UID:
120603
Concept ID:
C0267818
Disease or Syndrome
Proliferative changes of the bile ducts.
Hepatic bridging fibrosis
MedGen UID:
868315
Concept ID:
C4022709
Disease or Syndrome
Hepatic fibrosis that reaches from a portal area to another portal area.
Sclerosing cholangitis
MedGen UID:
3036
Concept ID:
C0008313
Disease or Syndrome
Cholangitis associated with evident ductal fibrosis that develops as a consequence of long-standing bile duct inflammatory, obstruction, or ischemic injury; it can be obliterative or nonobliterative.
Hypercholesterolemia
MedGen UID:
5687
Concept ID:
C0020443
Disease or Syndrome
An increased concentration of cholesterol in the blood.
Elevated circulating aspartate aminotransferase concentration
MedGen UID:
57497
Concept ID:
C0151904
Finding
The concentration of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the blood circulation is above the upper limit of normal.
Elevated circulating alanine aminotransferase concentration
MedGen UID:
57740
Concept ID:
C0151905
Finding
An abnormally high concentration in the circulation of alanine aminotransferase (ALT).
Elevated circulating alpha-fetoprotein concentration
MedGen UID:
65916
Concept ID:
C0235971
Finding
Concentration of alpha-fetoprotein in the blood circulation above the upper limit of normal.
Conjugated hyperbilirubinemia
MedGen UID:
82787
Concept ID:
C0268307
Disease or Syndrome
Abnormally high level of conjugated bilirubin in the blood.
Elevated circulating alkaline phosphatase concentration
MedGen UID:
727252
Concept ID:
C1314665
Finding
Abnormally increased serum levels of alkaline phosphatase activity.
Increased serum bile acid concentration
MedGen UID:
868605
Concept ID:
C4023004
Finding
An increase in the concentration of bile acid in the blood.
Elevated gamma-glutamyltransferase level
MedGen UID:
1370086
Concept ID:
C4476869
Finding
Increased level of the enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT). GGT is mainly present in kidney, liver, and pancreatic cells, but small amounts are present in other tissues.
Pruritus
MedGen UID:
19534
Concept ID:
C0033774
Sign or Symptom
Pruritus is an itch or a sensation that makes a person want to scratch. This term refers to an abnormally increased disposition to experience pruritus.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Varol Fİ, Selimoğlu MA, Güngör Ş, Yılmaz S, Tekedereli İ
Arab J Gastroenterol 2021 Dec;22(4):310-315. Epub 2021 Nov 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajg.2021.05.021. PMID: 34840097
Ozdogan E, Doganay L, Can D, Arikan C
Am J Gastroenterol 2021 Jan 1;116(1):188-197. doi: 10.14309/ajg.0000000000000934. PMID: 33065587
Chen HL, Wu SH, Hsu SH, Liou BY, Chen HL, Chang MH
J Biomed Sci 2018 Oct 26;25(1):75. doi: 10.1186/s12929-018-0475-8. PMID: 30367658Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Kavallar AM, Mayerhofer C, Aldrian D, Okamoto T, Müller T, Vogel GF
Hepatol Commun 2023 Oct 1;7(10) Epub 2023 Sep 27 doi: 10.1097/HC9.0000000000000286. PMID: 37756114Free PMC Article
Vasudevan AK, Shanmugam N, Rammohan A, Valamparampil JJ, Rinaldhy K, Menon J, Thambithurai R, Namasivayam S, Kaliamoorthy I, Rela M
Pediatr Transplant 2023 Dec;27(8):e14600. Epub 2023 Sep 7 doi: 10.1111/petr.14600. PMID: 37675889
Thompson RJ, Arnell H, Artan R, Baumann U, Calvo PL, Czubkowski P, Dalgic B, D'Antiga L, Durmaz Ö, Fischler B, Gonzalès E, Grammatikopoulos T, Gupte G, Hardikar W, Houwen RHJ, Kamath BM, Karpen SJ, Kjems L, Lacaille F, Lachaux A, Lainka E, Mack CL, Mattsson JP, McKiernan P, Özen H, Rajwal SR, Roquelaure B, Shagrani M, Shteyer E, Soufi N, Sturm E, Tessier ME, Verkade HJ, Horn P
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Sep;7(9):830-842. Epub 2022 Jul 1 doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(22)00093-0. PMID: 35780807
Bolia R, Goel AD, Sharma V, Srivastava A
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Feb;16(2):163-172. Epub 2022 Feb 15 doi: 10.1080/17474124.2022.2032660. PMID: 35051344
Varol Fİ, Selimoğlu MA, Güngör Ş, Yılmaz S, Tekedereli İ
Arab J Gastroenterol 2021 Dec;22(4):310-315. Epub 2021 Nov 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajg.2021.05.021. PMID: 34840097

Diagnosis

Thompson RJ, Arnell H, Artan R, Baumann U, Calvo PL, Czubkowski P, Dalgic B, D'Antiga L, Durmaz Ö, Fischler B, Gonzalès E, Grammatikopoulos T, Gupte G, Hardikar W, Houwen RHJ, Kamath BM, Karpen SJ, Kjems L, Lacaille F, Lachaux A, Lainka E, Mack CL, Mattsson JP, McKiernan P, Özen H, Rajwal SR, Roquelaure B, Shagrani M, Shteyer E, Soufi N, Sturm E, Tessier ME, Verkade HJ, Horn P
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Sep;7(9):830-842. Epub 2022 Jul 1 doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(22)00093-0. PMID: 35780807
Varol Fİ, Selimoğlu MA, Güngör Ş, Yılmaz S, Tekedereli İ
Arab J Gastroenterol 2021 Dec;22(4):310-315. Epub 2021 Nov 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajg.2021.05.021. PMID: 34840097
Baumann U, Sturm E, Lacaille F, Gonzalès E, Arnell H, Fischler B, Jørgensen MH, Thompson RJ, Mattsson JP, Ekelund M, Lindström E, Gillberg PG, Torfgård K, Soni PN
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 Sep;45(5):101751. Epub 2021 Jun 26 doi: 10.1016/j.clinre.2021.101751. PMID: 34182185
Chen HL, Wu SH, Hsu SH, Liou BY, Chen HL, Chang MH
J Biomed Sci 2018 Oct 26;25(1):75. doi: 10.1186/s12929-018-0475-8. PMID: 30367658Free PMC Article
Luketic VA, Shiffman ML
Clin Liver Dis 2004 Feb;8(1):133-49, vii. doi: 10.1016/S1089-3261(03)00133-8. PMID: 15062197

Therapy

Kavallar AM, Mayerhofer C, Aldrian D, Okamoto T, Müller T, Vogel GF
Hepatol Commun 2023 Oct 1;7(10) Epub 2023 Sep 27 doi: 10.1097/HC9.0000000000000286. PMID: 37756114Free PMC Article
Chen R, Yang FX, Tan YF, Deng M, Li H, Xu Y, Ouyang WX, Song YZ
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2022 Dec 22;17(1):445. doi: 10.1186/s13023-022-02597-y. PMID: 36550572Free PMC Article
Thompson RJ, Arnell H, Artan R, Baumann U, Calvo PL, Czubkowski P, Dalgic B, D'Antiga L, Durmaz Ö, Fischler B, Gonzalès E, Grammatikopoulos T, Gupte G, Hardikar W, Houwen RHJ, Kamath BM, Karpen SJ, Kjems L, Lacaille F, Lachaux A, Lainka E, Mack CL, Mattsson JP, McKiernan P, Özen H, Rajwal SR, Roquelaure B, Shagrani M, Shteyer E, Soufi N, Sturm E, Tessier ME, Verkade HJ, Horn P
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Sep;7(9):830-842. Epub 2022 Jul 1 doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(22)00093-0. PMID: 35780807
Mínguez Rodríguez B, Molera Busoms C, Martorell Sampol L, García Romero R, Colomé Rivero G, Martín de Carpi J
Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Oct;45(8):585-592. Epub 2021 Dec 20 doi: 10.1016/j.gastrohep.2021.12.005. PMID: 34942279
Baumann U, Sturm E, Lacaille F, Gonzalès E, Arnell H, Fischler B, Jørgensen MH, Thompson RJ, Mattsson JP, Ekelund M, Lindström E, Gillberg PG, Torfgård K, Soni PN
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 Sep;45(5):101751. Epub 2021 Jun 26 doi: 10.1016/j.clinre.2021.101751. PMID: 34182185

Prognosis

Chen R, Yang FX, Tan YF, Deng M, Li H, Xu Y, Ouyang WX, Song YZ
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2022 Dec 22;17(1):445. doi: 10.1186/s13023-022-02597-y. PMID: 36550572Free PMC Article
Gül-Klein S, Öllinger R, Schmelzle M, Pratschke J, Schöning W
Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Aug 22;57(8) doi: 10.3390/medicina57080854. PMID: 34441060Free PMC Article
Lipiński P, Ciara E, Jurkiewicz D, Płoski R, Wawrzynowicz-Syczewska M, Pawłowska J, Jankowska I
Ann Hepatol 2021 Nov-Dec;25:100342. Epub 2021 Mar 20 doi: 10.1016/j.aohep.2021.100342. PMID: 33757843
Li Q, Chong C, Sun R, Yin T, Huang T, Diao M, Li L
Pediatr Surg Int 2021 Jun;37(6):723-730. Epub 2021 Mar 2 doi: 10.1007/s00383-021-04871-9. PMID: 33651176
Hori T, Egawa H, Miyagawa-Hayashino A, Yorifuji T, Yonekawa Y, Nguyen JH, Uemoto S
World J Surg 2011 Feb;35(2):393-402. doi: 10.1007/s00268-010-0869-6. PMID: 21125272

Clinical prediction guides

Vasudevan AK, Shanmugam N, Rammohan A, Valamparampil JJ, Rinaldhy K, Menon J, Thambithurai R, Namasivayam S, Kaliamoorthy I, Rela M
Pediatr Transplant 2023 Dec;27(8):e14600. Epub 2023 Sep 7 doi: 10.1111/petr.14600. PMID: 37675889
Thompson RJ, Arnell H, Artan R, Baumann U, Calvo PL, Czubkowski P, Dalgic B, D'Antiga L, Durmaz Ö, Fischler B, Gonzalès E, Grammatikopoulos T, Gupte G, Hardikar W, Houwen RHJ, Kamath BM, Karpen SJ, Kjems L, Lacaille F, Lachaux A, Lainka E, Mack CL, Mattsson JP, McKiernan P, Özen H, Rajwal SR, Roquelaure B, Shagrani M, Shteyer E, Soufi N, Sturm E, Tessier ME, Verkade HJ, Horn P
Lancet Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Sep;7(9):830-842. Epub 2022 Jul 1 doi: 10.1016/S2468-1253(22)00093-0. PMID: 35780807
Mighiu C, O'Hara S, Ferri Grazzi E, Murray KF, Schattenberg JM, Ventura E, Karakaidos M, Taylor A, Brrang H, Dhawan A, Willemse J, Finnegan A
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2022 Feb 2;17(1):32. doi: 10.1186/s13023-022-02177-0. PMID: 35109890Free PMC Article
Varol Fİ, Selimoğlu MA, Güngör Ş, Yılmaz S, Tekedereli İ
Arab J Gastroenterol 2021 Dec;22(4):310-315. Epub 2021 Nov 25 doi: 10.1016/j.ajg.2021.05.021. PMID: 34840097
Baumann U, Sturm E, Lacaille F, Gonzalès E, Arnell H, Fischler B, Jørgensen MH, Thompson RJ, Mattsson JP, Ekelund M, Lindström E, Gillberg PG, Torfgård K, Soni PN
Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 Sep;45(5):101751. Epub 2021 Jun 26 doi: 10.1016/j.clinre.2021.101751. PMID: 34182185

Recent systematic reviews

Kavallar AM, Mayerhofer C, Aldrian D, Okamoto T, Müller T, Vogel GF
Hepatol Commun 2023 Oct 1;7(10) Epub 2023 Sep 27 doi: 10.1097/HC9.0000000000000286. PMID: 37756114Free PMC Article
Bolia R, Goel AD, Sharma V, Srivastava A
Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol 2022 Feb;16(2):163-172. Epub 2022 Feb 15 doi: 10.1080/17474124.2022.2032660. PMID: 35051344

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