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5p partial monosomy syndrome

MedGen UID:
41345
Concept ID:
C0010314
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: 5p deletion syndrome; 5p minus syndrome; 5p- syndrome; Cat cry syndrome; Chromosome 5p deletion syndrome; Chromosome 5p- syndrome; Cri du Chat Syndrome; Monosomy 5p
SNOMED CT: 5p partial monosomy syndrome (70173007); Cri du chat syndrome (70173007); Lejeune syndrome (70173007); 5p minus syndrome (70173007); Partial deletion of short arm of chromosome 5 syndrome (70173007)
Modes of inheritance:
Unknown inheritance
MedGen UID:
989040
Concept ID:
CN307042
Finding
Source: Orphanet
Hereditary clinical entity whose mode of inheritance is unknown.
Not genetically inherited
MedGen UID:
988794
Concept ID:
CN307044
Finding
Source: Orphanet
clinical entity without genetic inheritance.
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0007404
OMIM®: 123450
Orphanet: ORPHA281

Definition

Cri-du-chat syndrome was first described by Lejeune et al. (1963) as a hereditary congenital syndrome associated with deletion of part of the short arm of chromosome 5. The deletions can vary in size from extremely small and involving only band 5p15.2 to the entire short arm. Although the majority of deletions arise as new mutations, approximately 12% result from unbalanced segregation of translocations or recombination involving a pericentric inversion in one of the parents. [from OMIM]

Additional description

From MedlinePlus Genetics
Cri-du-chat (cat's cry) syndrome, also known as 5p- (5p minus) syndrome, is a chromosomal condition that results when a piece of chromosome 5 is missing. Infants with this condition often have a high-pitched cry that sounds like that of a cat. The disorder is characterized by intellectual disability and delayed development, small head size (microcephaly), low birth weight, and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy. Affected individuals also have distinctive facial features, including widely set eyes (hypertelorism), low-set ears, a small jaw, and a rounded face. Some children with cri-du-chat syndrome are born with a heart defect.  https://medlineplus.gov/genetics/condition/cri-du-chat-syndrome

Clinical features

From HPO
Cryptorchidism
MedGen UID:
8192
Concept ID:
C0010417
Congenital Abnormality
Cryptorchidism, or failure of testicular descent, is a common human congenital abnormality with a multifactorial etiology that likely reflects the involvement of endocrine, environmental, and hereditary factors. Cryptorchidism can result in infertility and increases risk for testicular tumors. Testicular descent from abdomen to scrotum occurs in 2 distinct phases: the transabdominal phase and the inguinoscrotal phase (summary by Gorlov et al., 2002).
Abnormality of the kidney
MedGen UID:
78593
Concept ID:
C0266292
Congenital Abnormality
An abnormality of the kidney.
Hypospadias
MedGen UID:
163083
Concept ID:
C0848558
Congenital Abnormality
Abnormal position of urethral meatus on the ventral penile shaft (underside) characterized by displacement of the urethral meatus from the tip of the glans penis to the ventral surface of the penis, scrotum, or perineum.
Pes planus
MedGen UID:
42034
Concept ID:
C0016202
Anatomical Abnormality
A foot where the longitudinal arch of the foot is in contact with the ground or floor when the individual is standing; or, in a patient lying supine, a foot where the arch is in contact with the surface of a flat board pressed against the sole of the foot by the examiner with a pressure similar to that expected from weight bearing; or, the height of the arch is reduced.
Syndactyly
MedGen UID:
52619
Concept ID:
C0039075
Congenital Abnormality
Webbing or fusion of the fingers or toes, involving soft parts only or including bone structure. Bony fusions are referred to as "bony" syndactyly if the fusion occurs in a radio-ulnar axis. Fusions of bones of the fingers or toes in a proximo-distal axis are referred to as "symphalangism".
Single transverse palmar crease
MedGen UID:
96108
Concept ID:
C0424731
Finding
The distal and proximal transverse palmar creases are merged into a single transverse palmar crease.
Short metacarpal
MedGen UID:
323064
Concept ID:
C1837084
Anatomical Abnormality
Diminished length of one or more metacarpal bones in relation to the others of the same hand or to the contralateral metacarpal.
High axial triradius
MedGen UID:
871318
Concept ID:
C4025806
Anatomical Abnormality
Metatarsus adductus
MedGen UID:
898667
Concept ID:
C4082169
Anatomical Abnormality
The metatarsals are deviated medially (tibially), that is, the bones in the front half of the foot bend or turn in toward the body.
Small for gestational age
MedGen UID:
65920
Concept ID:
C0235991
Finding
Smaller than normal size according to sex and gestational age related norms, defined as a weight below the 10th percentile for the gestational age.
Growth delay
MedGen UID:
99124
Concept ID:
C0456070
Pathologic Function
A deficiency or slowing down of growth pre- and postnatally.
Feeding difficulties in infancy
MedGen UID:
436211
Concept ID:
C2674608
Finding
Impaired feeding performance of an infant as manifested by difficulties such as weak and ineffective sucking, brief bursts of sucking, and falling asleep during sucking. There may be difficulties with chewing or maintaining attention.
Gastroesophageal reflux
MedGen UID:
1368658
Concept ID:
C4317146
Finding
A condition in which the stomach contents leak backwards from the stomach into the esophagus through the lower esophageal sphincter.
Low-set ears
MedGen UID:
65980
Concept ID:
C0239234
Congenital Abnormality
Upper insertion of the ear to the scalp below an imaginary horizontal line drawn between the inner canthi of the eye and extending posteriorly to the ear.
Stenosis of the external auditory canal
MedGen UID:
140758
Concept ID:
C0395837
Finding
An abnormal narrowing of the external auditory canal.
Abnormal pinna morphology
MedGen UID:
167800
Concept ID:
C0857379
Congenital Abnormality
An abnormality of the pinna, which is also referred to as the auricle or external ear.
Hearing impairment
MedGen UID:
235586
Concept ID:
C1384666
Disease or Syndrome
A decreased magnitude of the sensory perception of sound.
Aggressive behavior
MedGen UID:
1375
Concept ID:
C0001807
Individual Behavior
Behavior or an act aimed at harming a person, animal, or physical property (e.g., acts of physical violence; shouting, swearing, and using harsh language; slashing someone's tires).
Anxiety
MedGen UID:
1613
Concept ID:
C0003467
Finding
Intense feelings of nervousness, tension, or panic often arise in response to interpersonal stresses. There is worry about the negative effects of past unpleasant experiences and future negative possibilities. Individuals may feel fearful, apprehensive, or threatened by uncertainty, and they may also have fears of falling apart or losing control.
Autism
MedGen UID:
13966
Concept ID:
C0004352
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Autism, the prototypic pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is usually apparent by 3 years of age. It is characterized by a triad of limited or absent verbal communication, a lack of reciprocal social interaction or responsiveness, and restricted, stereotypic, and ritualized patterns of interests and behavior (Bailey et al., 1996; Risch et al., 1999). 'Autism spectrum disorder,' sometimes referred to as ASD, is a broader phenotype encompassing the less severe disorders Asperger syndrome (see ASPG1; 608638) and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). 'Broad autism phenotype' includes individuals with some symptoms of autism, but who do not meet the full criteria for autism or other disorders. Mental retardation coexists in approximately two-thirds of individuals with ASD, except for Asperger syndrome, in which mental retardation is conspicuously absent (Jones et al., 2008). Genetic studies in autism often include family members with these less stringent diagnoses (Schellenberg et al., 2006). Levy et al. (2009) provided a general review of autism and autism spectrum disorder, including epidemiology, characteristics of the disorder, diagnosis, neurobiologic hypotheses for the etiology, genetics, and treatment options. Genetic Heterogeneity of Autism Autism is considered to be a complex multifactorial disorder involving many genes. Accordingly, several loci have been identified, some or all of which may contribute to the phenotype. Included in this entry is AUTS1, which has been mapped to chromosome 7q22. Other susceptibility loci include AUTS3 (608049), which maps to chromosome 13q14; AUTS4 (608636), which maps to chromosome 15q11; AUTS6 (609378), which maps to chromosome 17q11; AUTS7 (610676), which maps to chromosome 17q21; AUTS8 (607373), which maps to chromosome 3q25-q27; AUTS9 (611015), which maps to chromosome 7q31; AUTS10 (611016), which maps to chromosome 7q36; AUTS11 (610836), which maps to chromosome 1q41; AUTS12 (610838), which maps to chromosome 21p13-q11; AUTS13 (610908), which maps to chromosome 12q14; AUTS14A (611913), which has been found in patients with a deletion of a region of 16p11.2; AUTS14B (614671), which has been found in patients with a duplication of a region of 16p11.2; AUTS15 (612100), associated with mutation in the CNTNAP2 gene (604569) on chromosome 7q35-q36; AUTS16 (613410), associated with mutation in the SLC9A9 gene (608396) on chromosome 3q24; AUTS17 (613436), associated with mutation in the SHANK2 gene (603290) on chromosome 11q13; AUTS18 (615032), associated with mutation in the CHD8 gene (610528) on chromosome 14q11; AUTS19 (615091), associated with mutation in the EIF4E gene (133440) on chromosome 4q23; and AUTS20 (618830), associated with mutation in the NLGN1 gene (600568) on chromosome 3q26. (NOTE: the symbol 'AUTS2' has been used to refer to a gene on chromosome 7q11 (KIAA0442; 607270) and therefore is not used as a part of this autism locus series.) There are several X-linked forms of autism susceptibility: AUTSX1 (300425), associated with mutations in the NLGN3 gene (300336); AUTSX2 (300495), associated with mutations in NLGN4 (300427); AUTSX3 (300496), associated with mutations in MECP2 (300005); AUTSX4 (300830), associated with variation in the region on chromosome Xp22.11 containing the PTCHD1 gene (300828); AUTSX5 (300847), associated with mutations in the RPL10 gene (312173); and AUTSX6 (300872), associated with mutation in the TMLHE gene (300777). A locus on chromosome 2q (606053) associated with a phenotype including intellectual disability and speech deficits was formerly designated AUTS5. Folstein and Rosen-Sheidley (2001) reviewed the genetics of autism.
Echolalia
MedGen UID:
8532
Concept ID:
C0013528
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
The repetition of words or phrases that are odd or used in a non-social manner. These can be words or phrases that the person has heard or invented.
Oppositional defiant disorder
MedGen UID:
18178
Concept ID:
C0029121
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
An enduring pattern of uncooperative, defiant, and hostile behavior towards authority figures that does not involve major antisocial violations, is not accounted for by the child's developmental stage, and results in significant functional impairment. A certain level of oppositional behavior is common in children and adolescents.
Hyperacusis
MedGen UID:
20497
Concept ID:
C0034880
Sign or Symptom
Over-sensitivity to certain frequency ranges of sound.
Self-mutilation
MedGen UID:
19925
Concept ID:
C0036601
Injury or Poisoning
Deliberate harm to one's body resulting in tissue damage, without a conscious intent to die.
Motor stereotypies
MedGen UID:
21318
Concept ID:
C0038271
Individual Behavior
Use of the same abnormal action in response to certain triggers or at random. They may be used as a way to regulate one's internal state but must otherwise have no apparent functional purpose.
Short attention span
MedGen UID:
82652
Concept ID:
C0262630
Finding
Reduced attention span characterized by distractibility and impulsivity.
Hyperactivity
MedGen UID:
98406
Concept ID:
C0424295
Finding
Hyperactivity is a condition characterized by constant and unusually high levels of activity, even in situations where it is deemed inappropriate.
Delayed speech and language development
MedGen UID:
105318
Concept ID:
C0454644
Finding
A degree of language development that is significantly below the norm for a child of a specified age.
Intellectual disability
MedGen UID:
811461
Concept ID:
C3714756
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
Intellectual disability, previously referred to as mental retardation, is characterized by subnormal intellectual functioning that occurs during the developmental period. It is defined by an IQ score below 70.
Conspicuously happy disposition
MedGen UID:
866682
Concept ID:
C4021029
Finding
An unusually happy demeanor over time, which can also be observed during inappropriate situations that should, for example, cause distress, fear, or anger.
Overfriendliness
MedGen UID:
867995
Concept ID:
C4022386
Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction
A form of hypersociability that presents as mostly inappropriate people-orientation and friendliness towards others on an inadequate level which might go as far as being dangerous considering for example young children following strangers without restriction.
Inguinal hernia
MedGen UID:
6817
Concept ID:
C0019294
Finding
Protrusion of the contents of the abdominal cavity through the inguinal canal.
Hypertonia
MedGen UID:
10132
Concept ID:
C0026826
Finding
A condition in which there is increased muscle tone so that arms or legs, for example, are stiff and difficult to move.
Scoliosis
MedGen UID:
11348
Concept ID:
C0036439
Disease or Syndrome
The presence of an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
Diastasis recti
MedGen UID:
113171
Concept ID:
C0221766
Disease or Syndrome
A separation of the rectus abdominis muscle into right and left halves (which are normally joined at the midline at the linea alba).
Difficulty walking
MedGen UID:
86319
Concept ID:
C0311394
Finding
Reduced ability to walk (ambulate).
Microretrognathia
MedGen UID:
326907
Concept ID:
C1839546
Finding
A form of developmental hypoplasia of the mandible in which the mandible is mislocalised posteriorly.
Short metatarsal
MedGen UID:
341358
Concept ID:
C1849020
Finding
Diminished length of a metatarsal bone, with resultant proximal displacement of the associated toe.
Neonatal hypotonia
MedGen UID:
412209
Concept ID:
C2267233
Disease or Syndrome
Muscular hypotonia (abnormally low muscle tone) manifesting in the neonatal period.
Microcephaly
MedGen UID:
1644158
Concept ID:
C4551563
Finding
Head circumference below 2 standard deviations below the mean for age and gender.
Abnormal respiratory system physiology
MedGen UID:
220360
Concept ID:
C1260922
Finding
When you''re short of breath, it''s hard or uncomfortable for you to take in the oxygen your body needs. You may feel as if you''re not getting enough air. Sometimes you can have mild breathing problems because of a stuffy nose or intense exercise. But shortness of breath can also be a sign of a serious disease.CHAR(13) Many conditions can make you feel short of breath:CHAR(13) -Lung conditions such as asthma, emphysema, or pneumonia. CHAR(13) -Problems with your trachea or bronchi, which are part of your airway system. CHAR(13) -Heart disease can make you feel breathless if your heart cannot pump enough blood to supply oxygen to your body. CHAR(13) -Anxiety and panic attacks. CHAR(13) -Allergies. CHAR(13) If you often have trouble breathing, it is important to find out the cause.CHAR(13)
Recurrent infections in infancy and early childhood
MedGen UID:
336812
Concept ID:
C1844909
Finding
Recurrent infections at an early age with improvement in later childhood.
Cat cry
MedGen UID:
536297
Concept ID:
C0234861
Finding
The presence of a characteristic high-pitched cry that sounds similar to the meowing of a kitten.
Facial grimacing
MedGen UID:
65891
Concept ID:
C0234853
Finding
Round face
MedGen UID:
116087
Concept ID:
C0239479
Finding
The facial appearance is more circular than usual as viewed from the front.
High palate
MedGen UID:
66814
Concept ID:
C0240635
Congenital Abnormality
Height of the palate more than 2 SD above the mean (objective) or palatal height at the level of the first permanent molar more than twice the height of the teeth (subjective).
Anterior open-bite malocclusion
MedGen UID:
120566
Concept ID:
C0266060
Finding
Anterior open bite is a malocclusion characterized by a gap between the anterior teeth (incisors), that is, by a deficiency in the normal vertical overlap between antagonist incisal edges when the posterior teeth are in occlusion.
Downslanted palpebral fissures
MedGen UID:
98391
Concept ID:
C0423110
Finding
The palpebral fissure inclination is more than two standard deviations below the mean.
Short neck
MedGen UID:
99267
Concept ID:
C0521525
Finding
Diminished length of the neck.
Epicanthus
MedGen UID:
151862
Concept ID:
C0678230
Congenital Abnormality
Epicanthus is a condition in which a fold of skin stretches from the upper to the lower eyelid, partially covering the inner canthus. Usher (1935) noted that epicanthus is a normal finding in the fetus of all races. Epicanthus also occurs in association with hereditary ptosis (110100).
Facial asymmetry
MedGen UID:
266298
Concept ID:
C1306710
Finding
An abnormal difference between the left and right sides of the face.
Long face
MedGen UID:
324419
Concept ID:
C1836047
Finding
Facial height (length) is more than 2 standard deviations above the mean (objective); or, an apparent increase in the height (length) of the face (subjective).
Narrow face
MedGen UID:
373334
Concept ID:
C1837463
Finding
Bizygomatic (upper face) and bigonial (lower face) width are both more than 2 standard deviations below the mean (objective); or, an apparent reduction in the width of the upper and lower face (subjective).
Thick lower lip vermilion
MedGen UID:
326567
Concept ID:
C1839739
Finding
Increased thickness of the lower lip, leading to a prominent appearance of the lower lip. The height of the vermilion of the lower lip in the midline is more than 2 SD above the mean. Alternatively, an apparently increased height of the vermilion of the lower lip in the frontal view (subjective).
Prominent supraorbital ridges
MedGen UID:
333982
Concept ID:
C1842060
Finding
Greater than average forward and/or lateral protrusion of the supraorbital portion of the frontal bones.
Wide nasal bridge
MedGen UID:
341441
Concept ID:
C1849367
Finding
Increased breadth of the nasal bridge (and with it, the nasal root).
Short philtrum
MedGen UID:
350006
Concept ID:
C1861324
Finding
Distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border more than 2 SD below the mean. Alternatively, an apparently decreased distance between nasal base and midline upper lip vermilion border.
Downturned corners of mouth
MedGen UID:
356471
Concept ID:
C1866195
Anatomical Abnormality
A morphological abnormality of the mouth in which the angle of the mouth is downturned. The oral commissures are positioned inferior to the midline labial fissure.
Orofacial cleft
MedGen UID:
472000
Concept ID:
C3266076
Congenital Abnormality
The presence of a cleft (gap, opening, or groove) in the oral cavity, including cleft of the upper lip and/or cleft of the palate. Cleft of the upper lip is visible as a groove or fissure in the lip, most frequently due to a congenital failure of the maxillary and median nasal processes to fuse. Cleft palate is characterized by a grooved depression or fissure in the roof of the mouth, most often resulting from a congenital failure of the palate to fuse properly. Clefts of the lip and palate can occur individually or together. It is preferable to code each defect separately.
Bifid uvula
MedGen UID:
1646931
Concept ID:
C4551488
Congenital Abnormality
Uvula separated into two parts most easily seen at the tip.
Premature graying of hair
MedGen UID:
75524
Concept ID:
C0263498
Finding
Development of gray hair at a younger than normal age.
Preauricular skin tag
MedGen UID:
395989
Concept ID:
C1860816
Finding
A rudimentary tag of skin often containing ear tissue including a core of cartilage and located just anterior to the auricle (outer part of the ear).
Hypertelorism
MedGen UID:
9373
Concept ID:
C0020534
Finding
Although hypertelorism means an excessive distance between any paired organs (e.g., the nipples), the use of the word has come to be confined to ocular hypertelorism. Hypertelorism occurs as an isolated feature and is also a feature of many syndromes, e.g., Opitz G syndrome (see 300000), Greig cephalopolysyndactyly (175700), and Noonan syndrome (163950) (summary by Cohen et al., 1995).
Myopia
MedGen UID:
44558
Concept ID:
C0027092
Disease or Syndrome
Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is an eye condition that causes blurry distance vision. People who are nearsighted have more trouble seeing things that are far away (such as when driving) than things that are close up (such as when reading or using a computer). If it is not treated with corrective lenses or surgery, nearsightedness can lead to squinting, eyestrain, headaches, and significant visual impairment.\n\nNearsightedness usually begins in childhood or adolescence. It tends to worsen with age until adulthood, when it may stop getting worse (stabilize). In some people, nearsightedness improves in later adulthood.\n\nFor normal vision, light passes through the clear cornea at the front of the eye and is focused by the lens onto the surface of the retina, which is the lining of the back of the eye that contains light-sensing cells. People who are nearsighted typically have eyeballs that are too long from front to back. As a result, light entering the eye is focused too far forward, in front of the retina instead of on its surface. It is this change that causes distant objects to appear blurry. The longer the eyeball is, the farther forward light rays will be focused and the more severely nearsighted a person will be.\n\nNearsightedness is measured by how powerful a lens must be to correct it. The standard unit of lens power is called a diopter. Negative (minus) powered lenses are used to correct nearsightedness. The more severe a person's nearsightedness, the larger the number of diopters required for correction. In an individual with nearsightedness, one eye may be more nearsighted than the other.\n\nEye doctors often refer to nearsightedness less than -5 or -6 diopters as "common myopia." Nearsightedness of -6 diopters or more is commonly called "high myopia." This distinction is important because high myopia increases a person's risk of developing other eye problems that can lead to permanent vision loss or blindness. These problems include tearing and detachment of the retina, clouding of the lens (cataract), and an eye disease called glaucoma that is usually related to increased pressure within the eye. The risk of these other eye problems increases with the severity of the nearsightedness. The term "pathological myopia" is used to describe cases in which high myopia leads to tissue damage within the eye.
Optic atrophy
MedGen UID:
18180
Concept ID:
C0029124
Disease or Syndrome
Atrophy of the optic nerve. Optic atrophy results from the death of the retinal ganglion cell axons that comprise the optic nerve and manifesting as a pale optic nerve on fundoscopy.
Strabismus
MedGen UID:
21337
Concept ID:
C0038379
Disease or Syndrome
A misalignment of the eyes so that the visual axes deviate from bifoveal fixation. The classification of strabismus may be based on a number of features including the relative position of the eyes, whether the deviation is latent or manifest, intermittent or constant, concomitant or otherwise and according to the age of onset and the relevance of any associated refractive error.
Cataract
MedGen UID:
39462
Concept ID:
C0086543
Disease or Syndrome
A cataract is an opacity or clouding that develops in the crystalline lens of the eye or in its capsule.

Term Hierarchy

CClinical test,  RResearch test,  OOMIM,  GGeneReviews,  VClinVar  
  • CROGV5p partial monosomy syndrome
Follow this link to review classifications for 5p partial monosomy syndrome in Orphanet.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Li C, Zhang J, Li J, Qiao G, Zhan Y, Xu Y, Yang H
Mol Diagn Ther 2021 May;25(3):339-349. Epub 2021 Apr 7 doi: 10.1007/s40291-021-00522-w. PMID: 33826125
Liang D, Cram DS, Tan H, Linpeng S, Liu Y, Sun H, Zhang Y, Tian F, Zhu H, Xu M, Wang H, Yu F, Wu L
Genet Med 2019 Sep;21(9):1998-2006. Epub 2019 Mar 4 doi: 10.1038/s41436-019-0467-4. PMID: 30828085
Sabus A, Feinstein J, Romani P, Goldson E, Blackmer A
Pharmacotherapy 2019 Jun;39(6):645-664. Epub 2019 Mar 27 doi: 10.1002/phar.2238. PMID: 30793794Free PMC Article

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Bozhilova N, Welham A, Adams D, Bissell S, Bruining H, Crawford H, Eden K, Nelson L, Oliver C, Powis L, Richards C, Waite J, Watson P, Rhys H, Wilde L, Woodcock K, Moss J
Mol Autism 2023 Jan 13;14(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s13229-022-00530-5. PMID: 36639821Free PMC Article
Bewersdorf JP, Zeidan AM
Ann Hematol 2020 Apr;99(4):677-692. Epub 2020 Feb 20 doi: 10.1007/s00277-020-03963-1. PMID: 32078008
Sabus A, Feinstein J, Romani P, Goldson E, Blackmer A
Pharmacotherapy 2019 Jun;39(6):645-664. Epub 2019 Mar 27 doi: 10.1002/phar.2238. PMID: 30793794Free PMC Article
Molina-García A, Castellanos-Cosano L, Machuca-Portillo G, Posada-de la Paz M
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2016 Sep 1;21(5):e587-94. doi: 10.4317/medoral.20972. PMID: 27475682Free PMC Article
Chang CY, Lin SP, Lin HY, Chen YJ, Kao HA, Yeung CY, Hsu CH, Chi H
Acta Paediatr Taiwan 2007 Nov-Dec;48(6):328-31. PMID: 18437967

Diagnosis

Leung HY, Yeung MHY, Leung WT, Wong KH, Tang WY, Cho WCS, Wong HT, Tsang HF, Wong YKE, Pei XM, Cheng HYL, Chan AKC, Wong SCC
Expert Rev Mol Diagn 2022 Jan;22(1):5-18. Epub 2021 Nov 26 doi: 10.1080/14737159.2022.2007076. PMID: 34779317
Nguyen JM, Qualmann KJ, Okashah R, Reilly A, Alexeyev MF, Campbell DJ
Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2015 Sep;169(3):224-38. Epub 2015 Aug 3 doi: 10.1002/ajmg.c.31444. PMID: 26235846Free PMC Article
Rodríguez-Caballero A, Torres-Lagares D, Rodríguez-Pérez A, Serrera-Figallo MA, Hernández-Guisado JM, Machuca-Portillo G
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2010 May 1;15(3):e473-8. doi: 10.4317/medoral.15.e473. PMID: 20038906
Sigafoos J, O'Reilly MF, Lancioni GE
Dev Neurorehabil 2009 Jun;12(3):119-21. doi: 10.1080/17518420902975720. PMID: 19466618
Cerruti Mainardi P
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2006 Sep 5;1:33. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-1-33. PMID: 16953888Free PMC Article

Therapy

Bewersdorf JP, Zeidan AM
Ann Hematol 2020 Apr;99(4):677-692. Epub 2020 Feb 20 doi: 10.1007/s00277-020-03963-1. PMID: 32078008
Cistaro A, Quartuccio N, Piccardo A, Fania P, Spunton M, Liava A, Danesino C, Albani G, Guala A
J Nucl Med 2020 Aug;61(8):1195-1199. Epub 2019 Dec 13 doi: 10.2967/jnumed.119.236893. PMID: 31836684
Sabus A, Feinstein J, Romani P, Goldson E, Blackmer A
Pharmacotherapy 2019 Jun;39(6):645-664. Epub 2019 Mar 27 doi: 10.1002/phar.2238. PMID: 30793794Free PMC Article
Zhu X, Li J, Ru T, Wang Y, Xu Y, Yang Y, Wu X, Cram DS, Hu Y
Prenat Diagn 2016 Apr;36(4):321-7. Epub 2016 Mar 8 doi: 10.1002/pd.4782. PMID: 26833920
Weston AJ, Mader NT
Percept Mot Skills 1984 Jun;58(3):787-96. doi: 10.2466/pms.1984.58.3.787. PMID: 6236421

Prognosis

Bozhilova N, Welham A, Adams D, Bissell S, Bruining H, Crawford H, Eden K, Nelson L, Oliver C, Powis L, Richards C, Waite J, Watson P, Rhys H, Wilde L, Woodcock K, Moss J
Mol Autism 2023 Jan 13;14(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s13229-022-00530-5. PMID: 36639821Free PMC Article
Bewersdorf JP, Zeidan AM
Ann Hematol 2020 Apr;99(4):677-692. Epub 2020 Feb 20 doi: 10.1007/s00277-020-03963-1. PMID: 32078008
Pellagatti A, Boultwood J
Eur J Haematol 2015 Jul;95(1):3-15. Epub 2015 Feb 20 doi: 10.1111/ejh.12515. PMID: 25645650
Rodríguez-Caballero A, Torres-Lagares D, Rodríguez-Pérez A, Serrera-Figallo MA, Hernández-Guisado JM, Machuca-Portillo G
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2010 May 1;15(3):e473-8. doi: 10.4317/medoral.15.e473. PMID: 20038906
Cerruti Mainardi P
Orphanet J Rare Dis 2006 Sep 5;1:33. doi: 10.1186/1750-1172-1-33. PMID: 16953888Free PMC Article

Clinical prediction guides

Roomaney IA, Chetty M
Orthod Craniofac Res 2021 May;24(2):194-205. Epub 2020 Sep 28 doi: 10.1111/ocr.12426. PMID: 32920986
Peng Y, Pang J, Hu J, Jia Z, Xi H, Ma N, Yang S, Liu J, Huang X, Tang C, Wang H
Mol Genet Genomic Med 2020 Aug;8(8):e1312. Epub 2020 Jun 4 doi: 10.1002/mgg3.1312. PMID: 32500674Free PMC Article
Bewersdorf JP, Zeidan AM
Ann Hematol 2020 Apr;99(4):677-692. Epub 2020 Feb 20 doi: 10.1007/s00277-020-03963-1. PMID: 32078008
Kristoffersen KE
J Commun Disord 2020 Jan-Feb;83:105949. Epub 2019 Nov 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2019.105949. PMID: 31739224
Molina-García A, Castellanos-Cosano L, Machuca-Portillo G, Posada-de la Paz M
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2016 Sep 1;21(5):e587-94. doi: 10.4317/medoral.20972. PMID: 27475682Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Roomaney IA, Chetty M
Orthod Craniofac Res 2021 May;24(2):194-205. Epub 2020 Sep 28 doi: 10.1111/ocr.12426. PMID: 32920986
Molina-García A, Castellanos-Cosano L, Machuca-Portillo G, Posada-de la Paz M
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal 2016 Sep 1;21(5):e587-94. doi: 10.4317/medoral.20972. PMID: 27475682Free PMC Article
Corcuera-Flores JR, Casttellanos-Cosano L, Torres-Lagares D, Serrera-Figallo MÁ, Rodríguez-Caballero Á, Machuca-Portillo G
Clin Anat 2016 Jul;29(5):555-60. Epub 2015 Dec 21 doi: 10.1002/ca.22654. PMID: 26457586

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