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Immunodeficiency, common variable, 7(CVID7)

MedGen UID:
762276
Concept ID:
C3542922
Disease or Syndrome
Synonyms: CVID7; IMMUNODEFICIENCY, COMMON VARIABLE, 7
 
Gene (location): CR2 (1q32.2)
 
Monarch Initiative: MONDO:0013862
OMIM®: 614699

Clinical features

From HPO
Myalgia
MedGen UID:
68541
Concept ID:
C0231528
Sign or Symptom
Pain in muscle.
Recurrent urinary tract infections
MedGen UID:
120466
Concept ID:
C0262655
Disease or Syndrome
Repeated infections of the urinary tract.
Chronic diarrhea
MedGen UID:
96036
Concept ID:
C0401151
Finding
The presence of chronic diarrhea, which is usually taken to mean diarrhea that has persisted for over 4 weeks.
Pharyngalgia
MedGen UID:
116585
Concept ID:
C0242429
Sign or Symptom
An unpleasant sensation characterized by physical discomfort (such as pricking, throbbing, or aching) and perceived to originate in the throat.
Recurrent respiratory infections
MedGen UID:
812812
Concept ID:
C3806482
Finding
An increased susceptibility to respiratory infections as manifested by a history of recurrent respiratory infections.
Splenomegaly
MedGen UID:
52469
Concept ID:
C0038002
Finding
Abnormal increased size of the spleen.
Decreased circulating IgA level
MedGen UID:
57934
Concept ID:
C0162538
Disease or Syndrome
Decreased levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA).
Recurrent infections
MedGen UID:
65998
Concept ID:
C0239998
Finding
Increased susceptibility to infections.
Decreased specific pneumococcal antibody level
MedGen UID:
868496
Concept ID:
C4022890
Finding
The presence of normal overall immunoglobulin levels with deficiency of specific immunoglobulins directed against pneumococci.
Decreased circulating total IgG
MedGen UID:
1692727
Concept ID:
C5139151
Finding
A reduction beneath the normal level of total immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the blood.
Reduced isohemagglutinin level
MedGen UID:
1700218
Concept ID:
C5139157
Finding
Level of isohemagglutinin reduced below expected concentration. An isohemagglutinin refers to the naturally occurring antibodies in the ABO blood group system (i.e., anti-A in a group B person, anti-B in a group A person, and anti-A, anti-B, and anti-A,B in a group O person).
Chronic (near) absent circulating IgG4
MedGen UID:
1736323
Concept ID:
C5421692
Finding
A lasting absence of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) in the blood, whereby at most trace quantities of IgG4 can be measured.
Chronic partially decreased circulating IgG1
MedGen UID:
1734705
Concept ID:
C5421701
Finding
A lasting limited decrease of immunoglobulin G1 (IgG1) in the blood.
Fever
MedGen UID:
5169
Concept ID:
C0015967
Sign or Symptom
Body temperature elevated above the normal range.

Professional guidelines

PubMed

Green PHR, Paski S, Ko CW, Rubio-Tapia A
Gastroenterology 2022 Nov;163(5):1461-1469. Epub 2022 Sep 19 doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2022.07.086. PMID: 36137844
Lorenzini T, Fliegauf M, Klammer N, Frede N, Proietti M, Bulashevska A, Camacho-Ordonez N, Varjosalo M, Kinnunen M, de Vries E, van der Meer JWM, Ameratunga R, Roifman CM, Schejter YD, Kobbe R, Hautala T, Atschekzei F, Schmidt RE, Schröder C, Stepensky P, Shadur B, Pedroza LA, van der Flier M, Martínez-Gallo M, Gonzalez-Granado LI, Allende LM, Shcherbina A, Kuzmenko N, Zakharova V, Neves JF, Svec P, Fischer U, Ip W, Bartsch O, Barış S, Klein C, Geha R, Chou J, Alosaimi M, Weintraub L, Boztug K, Hirschmugl T, Dos Santos Vilela MM, Holzinger D, Seidl M, Lougaris V, Plebani A, Alsina L, Piquer-Gibert M, Deyà-Martínez A, Slade CA, Aghamohammadi A, Abolhassani H, Hammarström L, Kuismin O, Helminen M, Allen HL, Thaventhiran JE, Freeman AF, Cook M, Bakhtiar S, Christiansen M, Cunningham-Rundles C, Patel NC, Rae W, Niehues T, Brauer N, Syrjänen J, Seppänen MRJ, Burns SO, Tuijnenburg P, Kuijpers TW; NIHR BioResource, Warnatz K, Grimbacher B; NIHR BioResource
J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 Oct;146(4):901-911. Epub 2020 Apr 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2019.11.051. PMID: 32278790Free PMC Article
Verma N, Thaventhiran A, Gathmann B; ESID Registry Working Party, Thaventhiran J, Grimbacher B
Drugs Aging 2013 Jul;30(7):503-12. doi: 10.1007/s40266-013-0079-7. PMID: 23605785

Recent clinical studies

Etiology

Bruns L, Panagiota V, von Hardenberg S, Schmidt G, Adriawan IR, Sogka E, Hirsch S, Ahrenstorf G, Witte T, Schmidt RE, Atschekzei F, Sogkas G
Front Immunol 2022;13:742530. Epub 2022 Feb 17 doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2022.742530. PMID: 35250968Free PMC Article
Seidel MG, Kindle G, Gathmann B, Quinti I, Buckland M, van Montfrans J, Scheible R, Rusch S, Gasteiger LM, Grimbacher B, Mahlaoui N, Ehl S; ESID Registry Working Party and collaborators
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Jul-Aug;7(6):1763-1770. Epub 2019 Feb 15 doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.02.004. PMID: 30776527
Hirabayashi S, Wlodarski MW, Kozyra E, Niemeyer CM
Int J Hematol 2017 Aug;106(2):175-182. Epub 2017 Jun 22 doi: 10.1007/s12185-017-2285-2. PMID: 28643018
Abdel-Wahab N, Lopez-Olivo MA, Pinto-Patarroyo GP, Suarez-Almazor ME
Lupus 2016 Dec;25(14):1520-1531. Epub 2016 Apr 7 doi: 10.1177/0961203316640912. PMID: 27060064Free PMC Article
Dong J, Liang H, Wen D, Wang J
Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;351(3):239-43. doi: 10.1016/j.amjms.2015.12.010. PMID: 26992251

Diagnosis

Green PHR, Paski S, Ko CW, Rubio-Tapia A
Gastroenterology 2022 Nov;163(5):1461-1469. Epub 2022 Sep 19 doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2022.07.086. PMID: 36137844
Seidel MG, Kindle G, Gathmann B, Quinti I, Buckland M, van Montfrans J, Scheible R, Rusch S, Gasteiger LM, Grimbacher B, Mahlaoui N, Ehl S; ESID Registry Working Party and collaborators
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2019 Jul-Aug;7(6):1763-1770. Epub 2019 Feb 15 doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2019.02.004. PMID: 30776527
Tak Manesh A, Azizi G, Heydari A, Kiaee F, Shaghaghi M, Hossein-Khannazer N, Yazdani R, Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2017 Nov-Dec;45(6):602-615. Epub 2017 Apr 12 doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2017.01.006. PMID: 28411962
Allenspach E, Torgerson TR
J Clin Immunol 2016 May;36 Suppl 1:57-67. Epub 2016 May 23 doi: 10.1007/s10875-016-0294-1. PMID: 27210535
Dong J, Liang H, Wen D, Wang J
Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;351(3):239-43. doi: 10.1016/j.amjms.2015.12.010. PMID: 26992251

Therapy

Crider K, Williams J, Qi YP, Gutman J, Yeung L, Mai C, Finkelstain J, Mehta S, Pons-Duran C, Menéndez C, Moraleda C, Rogers L, Daniels K, Green P
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 Feb 1;2(2022) doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD014217. PMID: 36321557Free PMC Article
Sifers T, Hirten R, Mehandru S, Ko HM, Colombel JF, Cunningham-Rundles C
Clin Immunol 2020 Mar;212:108362. Epub 2020 Feb 11 doi: 10.1016/j.clim.2020.108362. PMID: 32058070Free PMC Article
Kiaee F, Azizi G, Rafiemanesh H, Zainaldain H, Sadaat Rizvi F, Alizadeh M, Jamee M, Mohammadi S, Habibi S, Sharifi L, Jadidi-Niaragh F, Haghi S, Yazdani R, Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A
Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2019 Oct;15(10):1105-1113. Epub 2019 Sep 15 doi: 10.1080/1744666X.2019.1658523. PMID: 31452405
Dong J, Liang H, Wen D, Wang J
Am J Med Sci 2016 Mar;351(3):239-43. doi: 10.1016/j.amjms.2015.12.010. PMID: 26992251
Mason MC
Nurs Stand 2009 Oct 21-27;24(7):21. doi: 10.7748/ns.24.7.21.s26. PMID: 19927553

Prognosis

Green PHR, Paski S, Ko CW, Rubio-Tapia A
Gastroenterology 2022 Nov;163(5):1461-1469. Epub 2022 Sep 19 doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2022.07.086. PMID: 36137844
Kotmayer L, Romero-Moya D, Marin-Bejar O, Kozyra E, Català A, Bigas A, Wlodarski MW, Bödör C, Giorgetti A
Br J Haematol 2022 Nov;199(4):482-495. Epub 2022 Jun 26 doi: 10.1111/bjh.18330. PMID: 35753998Free PMC Article
Sperlich JM, Grimbacher B, Soetedjo V, Workman S, Burns SO, Lowe DM, Hurst JR
J Clin Immunol 2022 Apr;42(3):572-581. Epub 2022 Jan 11 doi: 10.1007/s10875-022-01206-8. PMID: 35015197Free PMC Article
Lorenzini T, Fliegauf M, Klammer N, Frede N, Proietti M, Bulashevska A, Camacho-Ordonez N, Varjosalo M, Kinnunen M, de Vries E, van der Meer JWM, Ameratunga R, Roifman CM, Schejter YD, Kobbe R, Hautala T, Atschekzei F, Schmidt RE, Schröder C, Stepensky P, Shadur B, Pedroza LA, van der Flier M, Martínez-Gallo M, Gonzalez-Granado LI, Allende LM, Shcherbina A, Kuzmenko N, Zakharova V, Neves JF, Svec P, Fischer U, Ip W, Bartsch O, Barış S, Klein C, Geha R, Chou J, Alosaimi M, Weintraub L, Boztug K, Hirschmugl T, Dos Santos Vilela MM, Holzinger D, Seidl M, Lougaris V, Plebani A, Alsina L, Piquer-Gibert M, Deyà-Martínez A, Slade CA, Aghamohammadi A, Abolhassani H, Hammarström L, Kuismin O, Helminen M, Allen HL, Thaventhiran JE, Freeman AF, Cook M, Bakhtiar S, Christiansen M, Cunningham-Rundles C, Patel NC, Rae W, Niehues T, Brauer N, Syrjänen J, Seppänen MRJ, Burns SO, Tuijnenburg P, Kuijpers TW; NIHR BioResource, Warnatz K, Grimbacher B; NIHR BioResource
J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 Oct;146(4):901-911. Epub 2020 Apr 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2019.11.051. PMID: 32278790Free PMC Article
Tak Manesh A, Azizi G, Heydari A, Kiaee F, Shaghaghi M, Hossein-Khannazer N, Yazdani R, Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2017 Nov-Dec;45(6):602-615. Epub 2017 Apr 12 doi: 10.1016/j.aller.2017.01.006. PMID: 28411962

Clinical prediction guides

Crider K, Williams J, Qi YP, Gutman J, Yeung L, Mai C, Finkelstain J, Mehta S, Pons-Duran C, Menéndez C, Moraleda C, Rogers L, Daniels K, Green P
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 Feb 1;2(2022) doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD014217. PMID: 36321557Free PMC Article
Kotmayer L, Romero-Moya D, Marin-Bejar O, Kozyra E, Català A, Bigas A, Wlodarski MW, Bödör C, Giorgetti A
Br J Haematol 2022 Nov;199(4):482-495. Epub 2022 Jun 26 doi: 10.1111/bjh.18330. PMID: 35753998Free PMC Article
Schmidt A, Groh AM, Frick JS, Vehreschild MJGT, Ludwig KU
Dtsch Arztebl Int 2022 Feb 25;119(8):117-123. doi: 10.3238/arztebl.m2022.0105. PMID: 35101171Free PMC Article
Lorenzini T, Fliegauf M, Klammer N, Frede N, Proietti M, Bulashevska A, Camacho-Ordonez N, Varjosalo M, Kinnunen M, de Vries E, van der Meer JWM, Ameratunga R, Roifman CM, Schejter YD, Kobbe R, Hautala T, Atschekzei F, Schmidt RE, Schröder C, Stepensky P, Shadur B, Pedroza LA, van der Flier M, Martínez-Gallo M, Gonzalez-Granado LI, Allende LM, Shcherbina A, Kuzmenko N, Zakharova V, Neves JF, Svec P, Fischer U, Ip W, Bartsch O, Barış S, Klein C, Geha R, Chou J, Alosaimi M, Weintraub L, Boztug K, Hirschmugl T, Dos Santos Vilela MM, Holzinger D, Seidl M, Lougaris V, Plebani A, Alsina L, Piquer-Gibert M, Deyà-Martínez A, Slade CA, Aghamohammadi A, Abolhassani H, Hammarström L, Kuismin O, Helminen M, Allen HL, Thaventhiran JE, Freeman AF, Cook M, Bakhtiar S, Christiansen M, Cunningham-Rundles C, Patel NC, Rae W, Niehues T, Brauer N, Syrjänen J, Seppänen MRJ, Burns SO, Tuijnenburg P, Kuijpers TW; NIHR BioResource, Warnatz K, Grimbacher B; NIHR BioResource
J Allergy Clin Immunol 2020 Oct;146(4):901-911. Epub 2020 Apr 9 doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2019.11.051. PMID: 32278790Free PMC Article
Abdel-Wahab N, Lopez-Olivo MA, Pinto-Patarroyo GP, Suarez-Almazor ME
Lupus 2016 Dec;25(14):1520-1531. Epub 2016 Apr 7 doi: 10.1177/0961203316640912. PMID: 27060064Free PMC Article

Recent systematic reviews

Crider K, Williams J, Qi YP, Gutman J, Yeung L, Mai C, Finkelstain J, Mehta S, Pons-Duran C, Menéndez C, Moraleda C, Rogers L, Daniels K, Green P
Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 Feb 1;2(2022) doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD014217. PMID: 36321557Free PMC Article
Mekuriaw B, Belayneh Z, Molla A, Mehare T
Harm Reduct J 2021 May 17;18(1):55. doi: 10.1186/s12954-021-00503-6. PMID: 34001138Free PMC Article
Kiaee F, Azizi G, Rafiemanesh H, Zainaldain H, Sadaat Rizvi F, Alizadeh M, Jamee M, Mohammadi S, Habibi S, Sharifi L, Jadidi-Niaragh F, Haghi S, Yazdani R, Abolhassani H, Aghamohammadi A
Expert Rev Clin Immunol 2019 Oct;15(10):1105-1113. Epub 2019 Sep 15 doi: 10.1080/1744666X.2019.1658523. PMID: 31452405
Abdel-Wahab N, Lopez-Olivo MA, Pinto-Patarroyo GP, Suarez-Almazor ME
Lupus 2016 Dec;25(14):1520-1531. Epub 2016 Apr 7 doi: 10.1177/0961203316640912. PMID: 27060064Free PMC Article
Baeesa SS, Bakhaidar M, Almekhlafi MA, Madani TA
World Neurosurg 2016 Mar;87:220-9. Epub 2015 Nov 23 doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2015.11.023. PMID: 26615788

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